Information Technology in The Philippines

Impacts of National Information Technology Environments on Business

Government Policies

In July 1994, President Fidel V. Ramos approved the National Information Technology Plan. The National Information Technology Council (NITC) was constituted to oversee the implementation of the Plan, now called the IT Action Agenda for the 21st Century (IT21), the country's blueprint for IT development. IT21 was approved on October 28 1997, as the Philippines' guide for IT development in the country over the next 7-15 years. Its overall goal and vision of the country is to transform the Philippines into a "Knowledge Center in Asia".1

The plan sets forth an agenda to
  • Develop the information infrastructure for interconnection and networking within the country
  • Turn the Philippines into an Asian hub of software development and training
  • Improve the government's capacity and efficiency in adopting IT to help in governance of the country and help spur the growth of the Philippine IT industry
  • Develop and adopt IT in education, in both the public and private sector, as well as training institutions, to create a critical mass of IT professionals and an IT-literate workforce
  • Upgrade available IT resources in the local R&D sector

    IT21 relies on both the government and private industry to play leading roles in pushing forward IT use and IT production in the country. For a complete summary listing of all the policies and programs of IT21, their specific actions, time frames projected and the lead agency or organizations involved, visit IT21

    Other Government Initiatives

    The Intellectual Property Rights Code was passed into law on June 6, 1997 and took effect on January 1, 1998.2 It imposing higher penalties and fines for the manufacture, distribution and use of unlicensed software.

    The Information Technology Agreement (ITA) was formed to eliminate tariffs on information technology by the year 2000. The Philippines has already reduced the duties on selected IT products to 3%. This began in 1995 and will continue until the year 2000. A final goal of this agreement is a uniform duty of 5% which will be introduced by the year 2004.3

    Another government initiative, House Resolution 890, pushes for the interconnection of local Internet Service Providers into one Internet exchange. This exchange, called the RPWEB, puts the entire government organization online. On November 7, 1997, the President directed all government agencies down to the local and field levels to interconnect through the Internet.4

    This site was developed for
    Impacts of National Information Technology Environments on Business
    Kogod School of Business
    American University, Washington, DC.

    Created by Bree Connally

    This page was last updated: December 10, 1999