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Sudan 101

President Al-Bashir

Al-Bashir History and Ideology: How its Changed and How its Effected Sudan

            Omar al-Bashir was born on January 1, 1944 in the small village of Hosh Bannaga. A Sudanese military leader and politician, he became President of the Sudan region in 1993. He is part of the National Congress Party, and during his reign one of the worst genocides in the history of the modern world has occurred.

President Al-Bashir
Image from http://www.dictatorofthemonth.com/al_Bashir/pictures_of_al_bashir.htm

Al-Bashir            The beginning of Omar al-Bashirs’ reign was marked by change. It began when he aligned himself with Hassan al-Turabi, a religious and political leader in Sudan. Together, they planned to make Sudan an Islamic state. Al-Bashir imposed both Sharia and a new criminal act to complete his goal, things which were both enforced through the newly created Public Order Police. This has contributed to the genocide because both al-Bashir
  and al-Turabi agreed that the South would only
  receive limited accomidation within an Islamic State.
 This led to further conflict between the two sides.
            The relationship between al-Bashir and al-Turabi has changed over time. When al-Bashir first took power, it was evident that al-Turabi held the actual power. Recently, there has been conflict between the two powers. Bashir is supported by the young hawks from Turabi’s camp while Turabi has found new supporters. Recently, it seems that al-Bashir has the upper hand in the conflict1.
            Marchers in London hold signs expressing Islamic extremist sentimentsAl-Bashir was termed President in 1993. This gave him more power than before because he gained control of the executive and legislative powers. Since this time, he has been considered a dictator. He has become a controversial figure in the international world. Among many other things, he has been accused of harboring both terrorists and Islamic extremists. His goal has long been seen to establish Islamic theocracy and impose religious laws. Terrorism like this has been responsible for over 50% over terrorist fatalities. Bashir’s approval of these actions has further divided the North and the South.

Example of Radical Behavior al-Bashir is accused of being a part of. Photo from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islamic_extremists.

             Bashir’s drive towards an Islamic nation led to the genocide which officially began in 2003. In this year, al-Bashir gave both government support and money to Islamic militias like the Janjaweed to combat rebels. He did this as opposed to using the military in to intervene. Throughout the course of the war, al-Bashirs ideology has
become more favorable of Islamic actions and
independent. Because of this failed leadership, the genocide in Darfur has no end within sight.


Deng, Francis M. "Sudan - Civil War and Genocide." Meforum. 1 Dec. 2006 <http://www.meforum.org/article/22>.