Orations, Addresses and Sermons Presented on the Nation's Centennial, July 4, 1876

Researched by James R. Heintze. All rights reserved.


Introduction

The 1876 Centennial celebration of the signing of the Declaration of Independence was a significant event in the history of the United States and an examination of the orations and addresses presented on July 4 provides important information about the heritage of the country and the traditions inherent in the way the nation's birthday was celebrated. First, although many of the speakers (see list below) may be little-known to us today, each was highly regarded in his/her respective communities. To be asked to present the centennial oration on Independence Day was quite an honor. Second, the passing of one-hundred years since the signing of the Declaration--a considerable amount of time--left the nation's citizens seemingly far-removed from the event itself. Having passed through numerous turmoils and wars, the nation nonetheless survived and emerged ever more confident. A perusal of the titles below reveals the reflection of this perspective. "It has been one of struggle, but one of prosperity," said Isaac W. Smith at the centennial celebration at Manchester, New Hampshire.

Many of the addresses presented broad historical sweeps of time with lengthy descriptions of specific interesting events that occurred both in national and local context since the founding of the nation in 1776. "To note the landmarks in our history; to ever aim at the purity of the birth of the nation, is the safeguard of our destiny," exclaimed Col. J. H. Gilpatrick, speaking in Leavenworth, Kansas to his audience that day.

While many orators preferred to reminisce about the previous hundred years, Thomas H. Watts, addressing an audience in Montgomery, Alabama, looked forward to the year 1976. He projected a country of 400 million inhabitants that stretched across 100 states!

Indulge me one moment longer, fellow-citizens. Imagine that some one of us it may be some bright-eyed boy could witness our next Centennial anniversary, the celebration of the 4th of July, 1976. What a spectacle would ravish his sight! The beatific vision of St. John on the Isle of Patmos was scarcely more enrapturing, than this spectacle would be!

If our people be true to the Constitution; if good will and internal peace prevail; if science continue its giant stride; if God be our God, and we be His people; judging the future by the past, the States composing the American Union will be multiplied to one hundred States; the population will be increased from forty to four hundred millions; our territory will extend to the Isthmus of Panama from the frozen lakes of the North; railroads, like a network, will connect all parts of this vast country, and intelligence will flash along innumerable telegraph wires from State to State, from city to city and from village to village! The school-house and the church will adorn every hill and beautify every valley! And these four hundred millions of people from one hundred free, separate, independent, and co-equal States, protected by the same Federal Constitution, speaking the same language, worshiping the same God, will unite their voices in anthems of praise and adoration to the Rulers of the Universe, and of gratitude to the patriots of two hundred years ago, for the blessings of American freedom.

and then, when one hundred stars shall be emblazoned on our national flag, these four hundred millions of people may turn, as we to-day turn, and apostrophize that flag as the ensign of a great Confederate Republic.

The Centennial celebration of the Fourth of July was also a catalyst for the healing and bonding of the nation following the Civil War. For years during and following the war, whites in the South had little interest in celebrating Independence Day because they believed the occasion was too closely linked to the Union and northern interests. Only in 1876 did Richmond once again raise the Star-Spangled Banner in tandem with the Virginia state flag on top of the state capitol. Orators appealed to the citizens of the nation to come together and many stressed the importance of the common heritage. Representative William T. Avery (Dem-Tenn.), speaking in Memphis, said, "This Fourth of July is a common heritage: it belongs to no North, no South, no East, no West. Men of the South as well as men of the North aided in establishing this empire of freedom. It is the united work of both."

Independence Day in 1876 was an event of considerable contrasts. In Washington, D.C., at the First Congregation Church in an act of celebration there, as Bayard Taylor read his poem "Centennial Bells," in Philadelphia, Susan B. Anthony and others belonging to the National Woman's Suffrage Association, in an act challenging those celebrating, read their Declaration of Rights for Women. In Chicago, at the Turners and Socialists gathering there, a revised Declaration of Independence from the socialist's standpoint was distributed while at the same time the nation's centennial exhibition at Fairmount Park in Philadelphia displayed the hand and torch of the Statue of Liberty before tens of thousands of citizens. (For more about the Centennial in Philadelphia, visit the Philadelphia Free Library Centennial Exhibition Digital Collection).

Out of the hundreds of orators speaking on July 4, at least three received unusual attention. The editor of the Boston Evening Transcript, ("The Three Orations," 5 July 1876, 4) named Robert C. Winthrop, Charles Francis Adams and William M. Evarts as among the most eminent individuals who presented addresses that year. "Three men possessing superior qualifications, by nature or attainments, to depict the grandeur and danger of the nation, its heroisms and its meannesses, its virtues and its faults, what it has accomplished and what remains for it to accomplish, with the shoals and quicksands lying in its future course, could not have been selected in America."

The editor of the St. Louis Globe-Democrat (see "A Grand Oration," 6 July 1876, 4) thought Evarts' oration was the most "magnificent" presentation and that it "will go into history, not only as one of the most brilliant efforts of Mr. Evarts' life, but as by far the ablest oration, which the Centennial year has produced. In its paragraphs are exhibited the master thoughts of a profound philosopher."

The editor of the Springfield Daily Republican (5 July 1876, 8) thought the Adams and Evarts orations were notable, but also the oration by Richard S. Storrs that was delivered in New York City. "Dr. Storrs' skillful rhetoric glows along the great triumphs of English liberty in a masterly style, and his fresh and vigorous thought, if less analytical, is not less buoyant than Mr. Evarts" and "Mr. Adams's oration is the most striking of all the boldness of design and quaintness of treatment."

An "Extra" published by the New York Tribune printed the orations of William M. Evarts, Richard S. Storrs, Charles Francis Adams, Henry Ward Beecher, and Robert C. Winthrop, as well as a popular poem titled "The National Ode" by Bayard Taylor.

An editor for Harper's New Monthly Magazine commented on the importance of orators across the century: "The lessons of the hundred years were nobly and amply enforced by many hundred orators. And here again the tone and scope of the discourses showed the dignity and intelligence of national maturity." George F. Talbot, speaking at Portland, Maine, perhaps best summarized the lessons that were gleaned from the Centennial. "The first century closes behind us," he said. "Let us enter upon the second with thankfulness for all that we have achieved, and with a determination to make our country worthier than ever of our highest love and holiest devotion."

Sources

The citations in the list below are taken from newspapers of the period, as well as collections of orations and lists, including Our National Centennial Jubilee: Orations, Addresses and Poems Delivered on the Fourth of July, 1876. Ed. Frederick Saunders. (New York: E.B. Treat, 1877; reprint, St. Clair Shores, MI: Scholarly Press, 1976 ), abbreviated in the citations below as ONCJ; Doris Huffman, Oregon's Flamboyant Fourth 1876 (Portland, Ore.: Huffman, 1976), abbreviated as Huffman; Donald Arleigh Sinclair, New Jersey Fourth of July Orations: A Bibliography (Newark Public Library,1988); Robert P. Hay, "Freedom's Jubilee: One Hundred Years of the Fourth of July, 1776-1876" (Ph.D. dissertation, University of Kentucky, 1967); "Fourth of July Orations Collection," Manuscripts and Special Collections, New York State Library, typescript, June 1999. Readers may also want to consult the extensive "Fourth of July Orations Collection" held in the Special Collections Division of the University of Missouri-Columbia Library.

For a discussion of the orations presented by Charles Francis Adams, William Evarts, and Richard Storrs, see "Editor's Easy Chair," Harper's New Monthly Magazine 53/316 (September 1876): 621-22.

List of Orations

Abbott, Charles E. Address at the John M. Dowley Association celebration located at no. 184 East Broadway, New York City. Cited in "Celebration Notes," New York Times, 5 July 1876, 7.

Adams, Rev. Address presented on Broad Street in Wethersfield, Connecticut. Cited in "Observances in Other Parts of the State," Hartford Courant, 6 July 1876, 1.

Adams, Brooks. "The Cost of Popular Liberty," delivered in Bingham, Massachusetts. Published in ONCJ, 221-28.

Adams, Charles Francis. "The Seminal Principle of the Declaration of Independence," delivered at Taunton, Mass. Printed in New York Times, 5 July 1876, 2 and St. Louis Globe-Democrat, 5 July 1876, 5; printed under the title "The Progress of Liberty," in ONCJ, 197-214; printed in Springfield Daily Republican, 5 July 1876, 3.

Adams, James P. "Centennial Address . . . Delivered at Cottage Grange, Richland Co., South Carolina, 4th of July 1876." Cited in Hay, 303.

Aikman, Rev. William. "The Great Gift of God," delivered at Whitney's Opera House in Detroit, Michigan. Printed in ONCJ, 650-52.

Alexander, Judge A. W., of St. Louis. Presendted a speech in Rolla, Missouri. Cited in "The Fourth at Rolla," Phelps County New Era, 8 July 1876, 3.

Alexander, W. A. Address given in St. Charles, Missouri, at the park. Cited in "The Fourth Elsewhere," St. Louis Globe-Democrat, 5 July 1876, 8.

Allen, Judge J. P. Speech at the Grove in Boulder, Colorado. Cited in "The Fourth in Boulder," Boulder County News, 7 July 1876, 2.

Allen, Jabez, of East Windsor. Address given in Windsor, Connecticut. Cited in "Observances in Other Parts of the State," Hartford Courant, 6 July 1876, 1.

Alvord, Thomas G. "The Nation's Jubilee," delivered in Syracuse, New York. Printed in ONCJ, 398-409.

Andrews, Israel Ward. Washington County, and the Early Settlement of Ohio. Being the Centennial Historical Address before the Citizens of Washington County, Ohio, 1876 (Cincinnati: P.G. Thomson, 1877). Address delivered in Marietta, Ohio.

Anthony, Susan B., and Lucretia Mott. Declaration of Rights of the Women of the United States by the National Woman Suffrage Association, July 4th, 1876 ([Philadelphia: s.n., 1876]). Address delivered at Independence Hall, Philadelphia. Susan B. Anthony also presented a speech at the First Unitarian Church in Philadelphia. See "The Woman Suffrage Association," New York Sun, 5 July 1876.

Armitage, Rev. Thomas. "Our National Influence," delivered in the Young Men's Christian Association Hall, New York City. Printed in ONCJ, 351-55.

Arms, Rev. W. F. Speech presented at the orchard of Dea Albert Hobart in Sunderland, Massachusetts. Cited in "Various Celebrations," Springfield Daily Republican, 5 July 1876, 6.

Armstrong, Rev. J. J. Oration delivered at Jamaica, Long Island, Fourth of July, 1876 (Jamaica: Long Island Democrat Print, 1876).

Armstrong, Perry A. Historical oration delivered by Perry A. Armstrong ... at Morris [Illinois], July 4th, 1876 ; Compiled from various sources, but largely from the records of Lawrence W. Claypool and Levi Pierce ([Morris, Ill.]: Printed at the Reformer office, 1876). Address presented at Court House Square. Cited in "Morris," Chicago Tribune, 5 July 1876, 7.

Arnold, Samuel Greene (1821-1880. Progress of Providence; a centennial address to the citizens of Providence, R.I., with a poem, by G.W. Pettes; delivered July 4th, 1876. Providence, R.I., Providence Pr., 1876. See "Independence Day Elsewhere," New York Times, 5 July 1876, 5; printed under the title "Providence, Past, Present and Future," in ONCJ, 477-86.

Arnold, William E., of Weston. Oration presented in Jane Lew, West Virginia, at the grove. Cited in "Lewis County," Wheeling Daily Register, 10 July 1876, 3.

Arny, William Frederick Milton, ex-governor. Oration presented at Santa Fe, New Mexico. Printed in Centennial celebration, Santa F, New Mexico, July, 4, 1876 centennial historical oration by ex-Governor W. F. M. Arny (Santa Fe, N. M.: Williams and Shaw, printers, 1876).

Arthur, William E. "The American Age Contrasted," delivered at the laying of the cornerstone of the United States Building in Covington, Kentucky. Printed in ONCJ, 522-42.

Atkinson, Edward. Address given in the Town Hall in Brookline, Massachusetts. Cited in "Brookline," Boston Evening Transcript, 5 July 1876, 3.

Atwood, Mary. Historical Address Delivered in the Congregational Church in Hartford, Connecticut [?], on July 4, 1876 (Hartford: The Allen and Sherwood Co., Printers, 1876).

Avery, William T. "Historical Address," delivered at Memphis, Tennessee. Printed in ONCJ, 555-60; cited in "At Memphis, Tn.," St. Louis Globe-Democrat, 6 July 1876, 1 and "Independence Day Elsewhere," New York Times, 5 July 1876, 5.

Bacon, Arthur W. Address in Middletown, Connecticut. Cited in "Observances in Other Parts of the State," Hartford Courant, 6 July 1876, 1.

Bacon, Leonard (1802-1881). New Haven one hundred years ago by Rev. Leonard Bacon . . . a centennial address delivered in Center Church, July fourth, 1876. New Haven: F.P. Shanley, 1876; also printed in ONCJ, 131-44.

Bacon, Theodore, of Rochester. "The Triumphs of the Republic," delivered at Palmyra, New York. Printed in ONCJ, 446-58; printed in Rochester by E. R. Andrews, 1876.

Baily, Joseph M., of Freeport. Oration presented in Racine, Wisconsin. Cited in "Racine," Chicago Tribune, 5 July 1876, 7.

Baker, David Sherman. An historical sketch of North Kingstown, delivered at Wickford [Rhode Island], July 4th, 1876. (Providence, E.A. Johnson & Co., Printers, 1876).

Barker, James M., of Pittsfield. Address presented in Lee, Massachusetts. Cited in "Various Celebrations," Springfield Daily Republican, 5 July 1876, 6.

Barnard, Henry. "Centennial Growth in Nationality, Industries, and Education," delivered at the Opera House in Hartford, Connecticut. Printed in ONCJ, 120-27; cited in "Independence Day Elsewhere," New York Times, 5 July 1876, 5; description and excerpt in "Independence Day," Hartford Courant, 6 July 1876, 1.

Barnes, J. C. Oration titled "Considerations by the Way," presented at Blair's Grove, Butler County, Nebraska. Cited in Omaha Republican, 7 July 1876, 4.

Barrow, John D. Centennial Address. (Syracuse, N.Y., 1891). Delivered at Skaneateles, New York. Cited in NY bib.

Bartlett, Rev. William A., pastor of Plymouth Church, Chicago. "The Permanency of the Republic," delivered at Aurora, Illinois. Printed in ONCJ, 710-21.

Battle, Kemp Plummer. Sketches of the Early History of the City of Raleigh. Centennial Address, Fourth of July, 1876, by Hon. Kemp P. Battle, Delivered at the Request of the Board of Aldermen (Raleigh [N.C.]: Raleigh News Steam Job Print, 1877).

Beach, Rev. T. C. Beach. Oration presented in Southold, New York. Cited in New York Sun, 5 July 1876, 3.

Beaman, Charles Cotesworth. An Historical Address, Delivered in Scituate, Rhode Island, July 4th, 1876, at the Request of the Town Authorities (Phenix, R.I., 1877).

Beck, Marshall, of Chicago. Oration presented in Magnolia, Illinois. Printed in Centennial anniversary exercises held at Magnolia, Putnam County, Ill., July 4, 1876 (Henry, Ill.: Geo. Burt, Jr., printer, 1876).

Beck, William E. Speech on the Constitution, at the Grove in Boulder, Colorado. Cited in "The Fourth in Boulder," Boulder County News, 7 July 1876, 2.

Beecher, Henry Ward (1813-1887). Delivered at Peekskill, New York. Published under the title The Centennial celebration of American Independence, at Peekskill, N.Y., July 4th, 1876. [Peekskill, N.Y.]: Compiled and published by Foshay Brothers, 1876; printed under the title "The Advance of a Century," in ONCJ, 357-74.

Benson, Rev. N. I. "America and Judaism," delivered at the Jewish Temple in Jackson, Mississippi. Printed in ONCJ7, 29-32.

Betts, J. B. Address presented at the dedication of the new Town Hall in New Hartford, Connecticut. Cited in "Observances in Other Parts of the State," Hartford Courant, 6 July 1876, 1.

Biddle, Horace P. Oration, printed in An Account of the celebration of the centennial Fourth of July at Logansport, Ind.: containing a history of Cass County from its first settlement to the present time (Indiana?: s.n., 1876?). Information taken from Daily Star, 5 July 1876.

Bierce, Lucius Verus. Centennial Historical Address: Delivered at Ravenna, Portage Co., Ohio, July 4th, 1876 ([Akron : s.n., 1876?]).

Big Soldier, Jr., chief of the Otoe Nation. "Responsive Address," to that given by R. J. Tomlin, at Nebraska City, Nevada. Printed in ONCJ, 873.

Bingham, Harry. Centennial Address (Manchester, N.H., 1880). Delivered in Littleton, New Hampshire. Cited in NY State Library list.

Birkins, Rev. H. H. "Our Flag," delivered at Washington Heights, New York City. Printed in ONCJ, 348-50; cited in "Celebration Notes," New York Times,, 5 July 1876, 7, as presented at Shedler's High Bridge Hotel in Fort Washington.

Blakeslee, General. Brief speech given at the Old South Meeting House in Boston. Cited in "The Old South," Boston Evening Transcript, 5 July 1876, 3.

Bliss, George Newman. An Historical Sketch of the Town of East Providence: Delivered before the Town Authorities and Citizens of East Providence, July 4th, 1876 (Providence: J.F. Greene, printer, 1876).

Boardman, Halsey J., of Boston. Oration presented in Stoughton, Massachusetts. Cited in "Other Places," Boston Evening Transcript, 5 July 1876, 6.

Boies, D. A. History of the Town of Greenwich : from the earliest settlement to the centennial anniversary of our national independence : including also, an oration delivered by Hon. D.A. Boies, at Greenwich, N.Y., July 4th, 1876. Compiled by Elisha P. Thurston. (Salem, N.Y.: H.D. Morris, 1876).

Boise, R. P., judge. Oration presented in Dallas, Oregon. Cited in Huffman, 156.

Bolling, Rev. W. T. "Centennial Oration" given at Dresden, Tennessee. Published in John A. Gardner, Historical Address Delivered by Col. John A. Gardner, on the Early Times in Weakly County (Dresden: Denham & Harris, 1876).

Bond, Thomas H., of New Haven. Address presented in the center of town in Enfield, Connecticut. Cited in "Observances in Other Parts of the State," Hartford Courant, 6 July 1876, 1.

Boynton, Washington Wallace. The Early History of Lorain County. An address by W. W. Boynton, Delivered July 4, 1876, at Elyria, Ohio (Elyria, Ohio, Lorain County Agricultural Society, [1876]).

Brahn, H. A. Address titled "The Day We Celebrate" presented at Shedler's High Bridge Hotel in Fort Washington, New York. Cited in "Celebration Notes," New York Times, 5 July 1876, 7.

Bridgman, S. E. Address presented at the Edwards Church in Northampton, Massachusetts. Cited in "Various Celebrations," Springfield Daily Republican, 5 July 1876, 6.

Bristol, Rev. F. M. Oration presented at Morgan Park, Illinois. Cited in "Morgan Park," Chicago Tribune, 6 July 1876, 8.

Brobson, Dr. Address titled "The Ladies" presented at Shedler's High Bridge Hotel in Fort Washington, New York. Cited in "Celebration Notes," New York Times, 5 July 1876, 7.

Brooks, Rev. C. S. Address at the picnic at William Anderson's grove in South Deerfield, Massachusetts. Cited in "Various Celebrations," Springfield Daily Republican, 5 July 1876, 6.

Brooks, Linus. Introductory address presented at the grove in Aumsville, Oregon. Printed in Huffman, 120-21.

Brown, R. S. "A Sketch of the Early History of Jackson County, an Address on Centennial Anniversary Day, July 4, 1876," in West Virginia History 1967 28/3: 199-211.

Brown, William G. "Centennial Address" presented at Kingwood, West Virginia. Extract of speech printed in "Interesting Historical Reminiscences of Preston County," Wheeling Daily Register, 11 July 1876, 3.

Brown, Col. W. W. Brief speech presented at Lincoln, Kansas, at the Court House. Cited in Saline Valley Register, 5 July 1876.

Browne, A. K. Oration presented at Mattawoman, Maryland, at a cornerstone laying ceremony for a monument to Major General William Smallwood. Cited in Evening Star 5 July 1876, 4.

Brunot, Felix R. "The Genius of America," presented at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Printed in ONCJ, 62-64.

Bryant, N. B., of Boston. Address delivered at Rutland, Vermont. Cited in "Independence Day Elsewhere," New York Times, 5 July 1876, 5.

Buck, C.D. The Centennial celebration of American independence, at Peekskill, N.Y., July 4th, 1876. [Peekskill, N.Y.]: Compiled and published by Foshay Brothers, 1876.

Buck, Jerome. Oration delivered at the Seventh District Court House in Yorkville, New York. Cited in "Celebration at Yorkville," New York Times, 5 July 1876, 7.

Buker, J. W. Address presented at Mount Pleasant in the Washington, D.C. Cited in Evening Star, 6 July 1876, 4.

Bullard, Major. Address at the Seventh District Court House in Yorkville, New York. According to a newspaper report, Bullard, "alluding to the Declaration of Independence, said it was no party question that induced those men to unite for the welfare of their country, and he hoped that in the time to come the example which had been set before us by our forefathers would be followed by the men of the North and the South." Source: "Celebration at Yorkville," New York Times, 5 July 1876, 7.

Bullard, Edward Fitch. History of Saratoga: an Address ... Delivered at Schuylerville, N.Y., July 4, 1876 (Ballston Spa, N.Y.: Waterbury & Inman, 1876). Cover title: History of Saratoga and the Burgoyne campaign of 1777.

Bullock, E. L. Oration at the "grounds in north-east Jackson" Tennessee. Cited in Jackson Sun, 10 July 1876.

Burnett, John. Oration presented at the Lane County courthouse, in Eugene, Oregon. Cited in Huffman, 100.

Burr, George. Historical Address, Relating to the County of Broome in the State of New York. Delivered at Binghamton, July 3, 1876, by George Burr, M.D. Published under the Direction of the Committee of Arrangements (Binghamton, Carl, Stoppard & co., printers, 1876).

Burtis, James M. "Patriotic address" given at Oyster Bay, New York., at the celebration held at the grove belonging to Solomon Townsend.. Cited in "Oyster Bay Celebration," New York Sun, 5 July 1876, 3.

Burton, C. G., of Vermont County. Oration presented in Carthage, Missouri. Cited in "How Jasper County Celebrated," St. Louis Globe-Democrat, 6 July 1876, 1.

Butler, Benjamin Clapp. From Home-Spun to Calico. A Centennial Address Delivered at Luzerne [Lake Luzerne, N.Y.], July 4, 1876 (Albany: Weed, Parsons, 1877). At head of title: "1776-1876."

Butler, N. L. History of Polk County presented in Dallas, Oregon. Cited in Huffman, 157.

Byrne, Rev. Patrick, of Trenton, N.J. At a celebration of a national convention of the Catholic Total Abstinence Societies and the "dedication of the Catholic Temperance Fountain" in Philadelphia. New York Times, 5 July 1876, 4-5.

Campbell, Alexander W. Historic address at the "grounds in north-east Jackson," Tennessee. Excerpt printed in Jackson Sun, 10 July 1876.

Campbell, John H. At a celebration of a national convention of the Catholic Total Abstinence Societies and the "dedication of the Catholic Temperance Fountain" in Philadelphia. New York Times, 5 July 1876, 4-5.

Campbell, T. F. "Polk County [Oregon] Present and Future," presented in Dallas, Oregon. Cited in Huffman, 157. Cantwell, Edward. "For Union and Reconciliation," delivered at Moore's Creek, North Carolina. Printed in ONCJ, 459-67.

Carpenter. Benjamin Platt. An Address presented in Poughkeepsie, N.Y. (Poughkeepsie, 1876). Cited in New York Daily Tribune, 5 July 1876, 7.

Carpenter, S. H., professor University of Wisconsin. "Elements of Our Prosperity," delivered at the Capitol Park in Madison, Wisconsin. Printed in ONCJ, 776-84; cited in "Wisconsin," Chicago Tribune, 5 July 1876, 7.

Carroll, John Lee, governor of Maryland. At the celebrations of a national convention of the Catholic Total Abstinence Societies and the "dedication of the Catholic Temperance Fountain" in Philadelphia, in 1876. New York Times, 5 July 1876, 4-5.

Case, Albertson. Historical Sketch of Southold Town [N.Y.] Read July 4th, 1876, at the Celebration Held in Greenport, L.I. (Greenport: D.O. Crawford, printer, 1876).

Case, Rev. W. W. Oration presented in Hamilton Square, New Jersey. Published in A History of the Village of Hamilton Square, Mercer County, New Jersey (Trenton, N.J.: John L. Murphy, State Gazette Printing House, 1876); cited in Sinclair, 50.

Castle, H.A. Address presented at Rice Park in St. Paul, Minnesota. Source: "Programme, City of St. Paul. Fourth of July [1876]" (Chilson Collection, Library, University of South Dakota).

Catlin, I.S. Oration presented at Fort Greene Plaza, New York City, midnight celebration. Source: "Old Hundred," Brooklyn Daily Eagle, 5 July 1876, 1.

Chadwick, Harrison E. Oration presented in Bradford, Massachusetts. Copy in Harvard University Library.

Chaffee, C.C. Address presented in Springfield, Massachusetts, at the grounds of S. N. Heywood on Liberty Street. Cited in "Springfield," Springfield Daily Republican, 4 July 1876, 6.

Chapin, A. L., president of Beloit College. "The Relation of Education to the State," delivered at Janesville, Wisconsin. Printed in ONCJ, 785-87.

Chapman, Henry. "The Magnificent Present," delivered at Doylestown, Pennsylvania. Printed in ONCJ, 74-75.

Chase, Champion S., mayor of Omaha. "1776 Contrasted with 1876," delivered at Saunders' Grove in Omaha, Nebraska. Printed in ONCJ, 866-72; printed also in "Close of the Century," Omaha Republican, 6 July 1876, 4.

Cheney, Person C., governor of New Hampshire. Delivered in Manchester, New Hampshire. Printed in ONCJ, 239; New Hampshire at the Centennial : The Address of Governor Cheney; the Oration of Professor E. D. Sanborn . . . and an Account of the Other Exercises on New Hampshire Day at Philadelphia, October 12, 1876; to which is prefixed a sketch of the great centennial exhibition. Compiled by J. Bailey Moore (Manchester [N.H.]: J. B. Clarke, 1876).

Chester, Arthur T. "The Experiment of a Free Government a Success," delivered at Buffalo, New York. Printed in ONCJ, 437-43.

Chittenden, Lucius E. "The Character of the Early Settlers of Vermont Its Influence upon Posterity," delivered at Burlington, Vermont. Printed in ONCJ, 499-521.

Church, Rev., pastor of church in Hampton. Address at Wilter's grove in Hampton, Connecticut. Cited in "Observances in Other Parts of the State," Hartford Courant, 6 July 1876, 1.

Claiborne, John Francis Hamtramck. Historical Account of Hancock County and the Sea Board of Mississippi. An Address delivered July 4, 1876 (New Orleans: Hopkins, [1876]).

Clark, Lewis W. "The Destiny of the Republic," delivered in Manchester, New Hampshire. Printed in ONCJ, 240-44.

Clark, M. Centennial address. The Centennial Sketch of Clay County, Nebraska, Compiled by the Historical Committee and Read by Dr. M. Clark, Chairman, at the Centennial Celebration of American Independence at Sutton, the County Seat, July Fourth, 1876 (Clay Center, Neb.: Clay County Sun, 1933).

Clark, Sidney. Address given in Topeka, Kansas. Cited in "The Fourth Elsewhere," St. Louis Globe-Democrat, 5 July 1876, 8.

Clarke, William F. Centennial Discourse Delivered July 4, 1876, in St. Joseph's Church, Philadelphia (Philadelphia: P. F. Cunningham, 1876).

Cleef, J. T. Oration at the Reformed Church in Lafayette, Jersey City. Published in The Celebration of the Centennial of American Independence, by the Inhabitants of Communipaw and Lafayette, on the Fourth of July, 1876, in the Reformed Church, Communipaw Avenue, Lafayette, Jersey City (New York: John McIlroy, steam book and job printer, [1876]; cited in Sinclair, 46.

Clemens, Sherrard, of St. Louis. Oration presented in Breckinridge, Missouri. Cited in "At Breckinridge, Mo.," St. Louis Globe-Democrat, 6 July 1876, 1.

Cleveland, E. S. Address at Wilter's grove in Hampton, Connecticut. Cited in "Observances in Other Parts of the State," Hartford Courant, 6 July 1876, 1.

Clinton, George W. "The Spirit of 1876," delivered at Buffalo, New York. Printed in ONCJ, 426-36.

Coates, Isaac Taylor. Centennial Fourth of July Oration, Delivered at Chester, Penna. (Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott & co., 1876).

Cobb, Samuel C., mayor of Boston. Brief speech given in the Music Hall in Boston. Printed in "The Centennial Fourth," Boston Evening Transcript, 5 July 1876, 1.

Cochrane, Gen. John. Brief address at the meeting of the New York State Society of the Cincinnati held in their library at no. 67 University Place in New York. Cited in "Society of the Cincinnati," New York Times, 5 July 1876, 7.

Coffin, Charles Carleton. Oration presented in Boscawen, New Hampshire. Source: Proceedings of the Centennial Celebration, at Boscawen, NH, July 4, 1876. (Fisherville, N.H.: S. G. Noyes, 1876).

Colborn, Ephraim S. "Historical address" presented in Somerset, Ohio, at the grove. Cited in New Lexington Herald,6 July, 1876, and referred to in Ephraim S. Colborn, History of Perry County (Chicago: W. H. Beers, 1883).

Collyer, Rev. Robert. "God's Providences and Our Duty," delivered to the citizens of La Crosse, Wisconsin. Printed in ONCJ, 765-775.

Converse, George L. "Progress of the Human Race," delivered at the Capitol, Columbus, Ohio. Printed in ONCJ, 609-16.

Coogan, T.C., of Windsor Locks. Address given in Windsor, Connecticut. Cited in "Observances in Other Parts of the State," Hartford Courant, 6 July 1876, 1.

Coohrs, J. B. Oration presented in Pekin, Illinois. Cited in "The Fourth Elsewhere," St. Louis Globe-Democrat, 5 July 1876, 8.

Cook, Rev. C. O., of Sandy Spring, Maryland. Oration presented at Miss Libbie Perkins' picnic and exhibition, Perkins Chapel, near the Springfield Railroad Station (Virginia?). Cited in Evening Star, 5 July 1876, 4.

Covert, James W. Oration presented in Flushing, New York. Cited in New York Sun, 5 July 1876, 3.

Cowley, Rear Admiral Charles. Address at the Seventh District Court House in Yorkville, New York. Source: "Celebration at Yorkville," New York Times, 5 July 1876, 7.

Crane, Rev. C. B, pastor of South Baptist Church. Address at the Opera House in Hartford, Connecticut. "Independence Day Elsewhere," New York Times, 5 July 1876, 5; description and excerpt in "Independence Day," Hartford Courant, 6 July 1876, 1.

Crane, William Carey (1816-1885). Centennial Address, Embracing the History of Washington County, Texas. Galveston: Printed at the News Steam Job Printing Office, 1876; reprint, Brenham, Tex: Banner Pub. Co., 1939. The address was given "at the Fair Grounds in Brenham, July 4, 1876."

Crapo, William W. At Liberty Hall in New Bedford, Massachusetts.Centennial in New Bedford: Historical Address by Hon. William W. Crapo, Delivered on the Occasion of the Celebration in New Bedford of the Fourth of July, 1876, to Which Are Added an Account of the Celebration, and an Appendix Published by Order of the City Council (New Bedford: E. Anthony & Sons, printers to the city, 1876). Cited in "Other Places," Boston Evening Transcript, 5 July 1876, 6.

Crawford, Charlie. Speech given at the Drury College grounds in Springfield, Missouri. Cited in "The Fourth Elsewhere," St. Louis Globe-Democrat, 5 July 1876, 8.

Crawford, M. C. Speech given in Jonesboro, Illinois. Cited in "The Fourth Elsewhere," St. Louis Globe-Democrat, 5 July 1876, 8.

Creveling, Wesley. This Trenton, New Jersey, mayor read a "history of the county," at the Court House in that city. Cited in "All Around New York," New York Times, 5 July 1876, 10.

Crosby, Rev. William H. Brief address at the meeting of the New York State Society of the Cincinnati held in their library at no. 67 University Place in New York. Cited in "Society of the Cincinnati," New York Times, 5 July 1876, 7.

Crowell, John (1823-1890). The Colonial and Revolutionary History of Haverhill: a Centennial Oration: Delivered Before the City Government and the Citizens of Haverhill [Mass.], July 4, 1876. Haverhill: Gazette Print, 1877.

Cullom, Shelby M. "The Distinctive Features of Our Republic," delivered at Genesee, Illinois. Printed in ONCJ, 654-61.

Cumming, Col. G. W., of Newark, N.J. Oration presented at a grandstand on the grounds of Mr. Perdicaris, Trenton, New Jersey. Cited in "The Fourth of July in Trenton," Daily State Gazette, 6 July 1865, 2.

Curtis, George William (1824-1892). Delivered at Northfield on Staten Island, New York. Published under the title An account of the centennial celebration of the 4th of July, 1876, by the citizens of the town of Northfield, Richmond county, New York, including the oration by Hon. Geo. Wm. Curtis and historical sketch by John J. Clute, esq. New York: C. Vogt, Printer, 1876; printed under the title "Our Noble Heritage," in ONCJ, 375-80.

Cushing, Rev. Oration presented in North Brookfield, Massachusetts. Cited in "Various Celebrations," Springfield Daily Republican, 5 July 1876, 6.

Cutting, Sewall S. Historical address presented at Windsor, Vermont. Printed in The Centennial at Windsor, Vermont, July 4, 1876 : being a record of the proceedings at the celebration, and containing the address and poem then delivered, also a view of Windsor as it is now (Windsor [Vt.]: Published by the Journal Company, 1876).

Dale, J. T. "Centennial Oration," presented in Wilmette, Illinois. Cited in "Suburban: Wilmette," Chicago Tribune, 5 July 1876, 3.

Dameron, James P. "Patriotic Address," given at the Palace Hotel to the "Sons of Revolutionary sires." Frank Elliott Myers, "Sons of American Revolution," Overland Monthly and Out West Magazine 26/154 (October 1895): 382.

Davis, Cushman K., ex-governor of Minnesota. "The Permanency of Our Institutions," delivered at Rice Park in St. Paul, Minnesota. Printed in ONCJ, 837-48; "Programme. City of St. Paul. Fourth of July [1876]" (in Chilson Collection, Library, University of South Dakota]; cited in "The Fourth Elsewhere," St. Louis Globe-Democrat, 5 July 1876, 8.

Dawes, Henry L. Address in Washington, D.C., at the Congregational Church. Cited in Evening Star, 6 July 1876, 4.

Dean, Dea. Geo. E. Address at the Institute Hall, Mont Vernon, New Hampshire. Cited in "Celebration at Mont Vernon," Farmer's Cabinet, 11 July 1876, 2.

Delong, C. E. "Freedom's Grand Review," delivered at Gold Hill, Nevada, at the Chollar-Potosi Mining Company grounds, near Virginia City. Printed in ONCJ, 874-78 and "Our Hundredth Birthday," Daily Territorial Enterprise, 6 July 1876, 3.

Depew, Chauncey M. Oration; delivered at Sing-Sing, Fourth of July, 1876 (New York: Nat. Pr. Co., 1876).

DeWolf, Dr. T. K. Address presented "upon the green between the town hall and Second Congregational Church," in Chester, Massachusetts. Cited in "Chester," Springfield Daily Republican, 5 July 1876, 5.

Dickinson, Marquis Fayette. Historical Address . . . at the Centennial Celebration in Amherst, Mass. July 4, 1876. Including the Exercises of the Day (Amherst, Mass.: McCloud & Williams, 1878. Presented at Baker's Grove. Cited with excerpts in "Amherst," Springfield Daily Republican, 5 July 1876, 5; cited in "Independence Day Elsewhere," New York Times, 5 July 1876, 5.

Dillon, John F. "Our Duty and Responsibility," delivered at Davenport, Iowa. Printed in ONCJ, 793-808.

Dilts, Isaiah Neighbour. Address delivered in Somerville, New Jersey. Printed in Address by I. N. Dilts, esq., a Member of the Somerville Bar (Somerville, N.J.: Somerset Gazette printing house, 1876); cited in Sinclair, 46.

Dix, John A., ex-governor of New York. Address presented at the Academy of Music in New York City. Printed in ONCJ, 270; cited in "A Second Century Begun," New York Times, 5 July 1876, 1.

Dix, Rev. Morgan. "The Hand of God in American History," delivered at Trinity Church, New York City. Printed in ONCJ, 34347. Sermon reported given by Rev. Morgan Dix in "Farewell to a Century," New York Times, 5 July 1876, 7, and printed in the article "God and Our Country," New York Times, 5 July 1876, 11.

Doherty, Sarah. "Centennial Address, delivered in the Catholic Church, Jackson, Mississippi. Printed in ONCJ, 733-35.

Dougherty, [?], ex-Lieut. Governor. Speech given in Jonesboro, Illinois. Cited in "The Fourth Elsewhere," St. Louis Globe-Democrat, 5 July 1876, 8.

Douglass, Benjamin. Address presented in Middletown, Connecticut. Cited in "Observances in Other Parts of the State," Hartford Courant, 6 July 1876, 1.

Dowse, Edmund. Centennial address delivered in Holliston [Massachusetts], July 4, 1876 (So. Framingham, Mass.: J.C. Clark, printer, 1877).

Draper, Solomon. An Historical sketch of Knox County, Nebraska: delivered on July Fourth, 1876 (Niobrara, Neb.: Pioneer Pub. House, 1876).

Dresser, Rev. A. An address, "The Day, the Century, the Flag," presented at Blair's Grove, Butler County, Nebraska. Cited in "From Butler County," Omaha Republican, 7 July 1876, 4.

Drew, Columbus. "Memories of the Past," delivered at Jacksonville, Florida. Printed in ONCJ, 809-14.

Duffield, Rev. S. W. Historical address about the U.S., presented at the Park Avenue Methodist Church, Chicago, Illinois. Cited in "Park Avenue Church," Chicago Tribune, 5 July 1876, 3.

Duganne, Col. Address at the John M. Dowley Association celebration located at no. 184 East Broadway, New York City. Cited in "Celebration Notes," New York Times, 5 July 1876, 7.

Duryee, Rev. William R. "Historical sketch of Communipaw and Lafayette," at the Reformed Church in Lafayette, Jersey City. Published in The Celebration of the Centennial of American Independence, by the Inhabitants of Communipaw and Lafayette, on the Fourth of July, 1876, in the Reformed Church, Communipaw Avenue, Lafayette, Jersey City (New York: John McIlroy, steam book and job printer, [1876]; cited in Sinclair, 46.

Dyer, C. E. Address presented at Racine, Wisconsin. Cited in "Racine," Chicago Tribune, 5 July 1876, 7.

Eastman, J. G. Oration presented in Los Angeles. Cited in "Coast Patriotism," San Francisco Chronicle, 6 July 1876, 2.

Easton, S. J. M. Centennial Discourse: A Sketch of the History of Venango County, Pennsylvania. Franklin, Pa., 1876 (Franklin, 1876).

Eaton, Rev. Horace. "A Sketch of the Early History of Palmyra" printed in A Memorial of the Celebration at Palmyra, N.Y. (Rochester, N.Y.: E. R. Andrews, 1876).

Ecclesine, Thomas. Address titled "Washington" presented at Shedler's High Bridge Hotel in Fort Washington, New York. Cited in "Celebration Notes," New York Times, 5 July 1876, 7.

Edes, Richard Sulliven. Address Delivered in the First Parish Church in Bolton [Massachusetts], July 4th, 1876, at the Centennial Celebration of the Anniversary of American Independence: and also in Observance of the 138th Anniversary of the Incorporation of the Town (Clinton [Mass.]: Printed by W.J. Coulter, 1877).

Edson, Obed. Speech given in Sinclairville, New York. Celebration of the One Hundredth Anniversary of American Independence, at Sinclairville, N.Y., July 4, 1876, in the Sixty-Eighth Year of the Settlement of the Town of Charlotte (published by direction of the Committee of Arrangements, 1876).

Edson, William P. Oration delivered at Hudson, New York. Printed in John T. Hogeboom, Oration by John T. Hogeboom, at the Centennial Celebration at Hudson, N.Y. on the Fourth Day of July, 1876. Hudson, N.Y.?: Bryan & Goeltz, 1876.

Edwards, A. H. Address given in St. Charles, Missouri, at the park. Cited in "The Fourth Elsewhere," St. Louis Globe-Democrat, 5 July 1876, 8.

Elkins, Rev. Horatio B., of New York. Oration delivered at Amityville, New York. Cited in New York Sun, 5 July 1876, 3.

Elliott, B. K. "The Glorious Epoch," delivered at Indianapolis, Indiana. Printed in ONCJ. 561- 72; cited in "Independence Day Elsewhere," New York Times, 5 July 1876, 5.

Ellis, Rev. Dr. Oration presented at Denver Park, Denver, Colorado. Cited in "The Fourth," Daily Rocky Mountain News, 6 July 1876, 1, 4.

Ellis, Albert Gallatin. History of Portage County, Wis. and the City of Stevens Point; Read at the Centennial Celebration, Held at the City of Stevens Point, July 4th, 1876 (Stevens Point, Wis.: Stevens Point Journal Print., 1876).

Ellis, Wirt W. Speech given at the Drury College grounds in Springfield, Missouri. Cited in "The Fourth Elsewhere," St. Louis Globe-Democrat, 5 July 1876, 8.

Ellsworth, P. W., of Hartford. Address given in Windsor, Connecticut. Cited in "Observances in Other Parts of the State," Hartford Courant, 6 July 1876, 1.

Elmer, Mr. mayor of Middletown. Address in Middletown, Connecticut. Cited in "Observances in Other Parts of the State," Hartford Courant, 6 July 1876, 1.

Ely, Rev. Foster. In Lockport, Massachusetts. "Independence Day Elsewhere," New York Times, 5 July 1876, 5 and cited in New York Daily Tribune, 5 July 1876, 7.

Emerson, Prof. A. J. Presented a "thrilling, patriotic" address at the Court House. Cited in "The Fourth of July in Liberty," Liberty Tribune, 7 July 1876, 3.

Endicott, Charles. In Canton, Massachusetts. Centennial Celebration at Canton, Mass.: Historical Address (Boston: W. Bense, printer, 1876). Cited in "Other Places," Boston Evening Transcript, 5 July 1876, 6.

Estabrook, Gen. E. Speech delivered at Saunders' Grove in Omaha, Nebraska. Printed in "Close of the Century," Omaha Republican, 6 July 1876, 4.

Evarts, William M. Philadelphia. "What the Age Owes to America." Chicago Daily Tribune, 5 July 1876; printed in ONCJ, 33-61, "Mr. Evart's Address," Hartford Courant, 6 July 1876, 1, Omaha Republican, 6 July 1876, 2, and St. Louis Globe-Democrat, 5 July 1876, 1, 4; extract of oration printed in "Centennial Oration," San Francisco Chronicle, 7 July 1876, 1; critical commentary printed in Chicago Daily Tribune, 5 July 1876, 4.

Everitt, Rev. Benjamin Smith. "Centennial Sermon" delivered on Sunday, July 2 at the Presbyterian Church in Jamesburg, New Jersey. Published in Centennial and Historical Exercises at Jamesburg, N.J., 1876 (Philadelphia, 1876), 29-47; cited in Sinclair, 46-47.

Ewing, Charles. "Historical Sketch of Macon County," presented in Decatur, Illinois. Cited in "The Fourth Elsewhere," St. Louis Globe-Democrat, 5 July 1876, 1.

Fagan, E. B. Address presented in Harlem, New York, at the Eastern Boulevard Club at their "club-house, foot of East one hundred and twenty-first Street." Cited in "Celebration Notes," New York Times, 5 July 1876, 7.

Fairchild Thomas B. A History of the Town of Cuyahoga Falls, Summit County, Ohio: an Address Delivered July 4th, 1876 by T.B. Fairchild; published by request of citizens ([Cleveland]: Cleveland Herald Print., [1876]).

Ferry, Thomas W., Congressman (R-Mich.). Address presented at Independence Hall, Philadelphia. Printed in "Mr. Evarts' Oration," New York Times, 5 July 1876, 3-4; printed in ONCJ, 17-18; excerpt printed in Helena Daily Herald, 11 July 1876, 1.

Field, Charles K. Centennial address given in Brandon?, Vermont. Cited in Vermont Record and Farmer, 7 July 1876.

Finck, W. E. Oration presented in Somerset, Ohio, at the grove. Cited in New Lexington Herald, 6 July 1876, and referred to in Ephraim S. Colborn, History of Perry County (Chicago: W. H. Beers, 1883).

Fiske, Charles Henry. Oration Delivered before the Inhabitants of Weston, at the Town Hall, July 4, 1876 (Weston [Mass.]: Printed by vote of the towns-people, 1876 [Boston : Press of Gribben & Co.]).

Fitch, Thomas, of Nevada. Oration presented in Stockton, California. Cited in "Coast Patriotism," San Francisco Chronicle, 6 July 1876, 1.

Flournoy, Col. George. "The First Century Day of the Nation," delivered at Galveston, Texas. Printed in ONCJ, 815-23.

Flower, Samuel. Historical address presented at the Congregational Church in Feeding Hills, Massachusetts. Cited in "Various Celebrations," Springfield Daily Republican, 5 July 1876, 6.

Foggo, Edward A., rector of Christ Church. An Historical Sermon Preached in Christ Church: July 2, 1876 (Philadelphia: Collins, 1876).

Forrester, R. H., judge. Centennial Oration, presented in Evanston, Illinois. Cited in "Suburban: Evanston," Chicago Tribune, 5 July 1876, 3.

Foster, J. B. Address presented at the dedication of the new Town Hall in New Hartford, Connecticut. Cited in "Observances in Other Parts of the State," Hartford Courant, 6 July 1876, 1.

Fowler, Charles H. "Illinois, Resources and Record," delivered in Philadelphia (Aug. 29). Printed in ONCJ, 662-93.

Free, Major John W. Speech on the "history of the flags" presented in New Lexington, Ohio, at Monument Square. Speech printed in New Lexington Herald, 6 July 1876, and referred to in Ephraim S. Colborn, History of Perry County (Chicago: W. H. Beers, 1883).

Free, Col. William H. Speech presented in New Lexington, Ohio, at Monument Square. Speech printed in New Lexington Herald, 6 July 1876, and referred to in Ephraim S. Colborn, History of Perry County (Chicago: W. H. Beers, 1883).

Frothingham, Dr. William. Address titled "The Medical Profession" presented at Shedler's High Bridge Hotel in Fort Washington, New York. Cited in "Celebration Notes," New York Times, 5 July 1876, 7.

Fullerton, Rev. Address presented at Palmer, Massachusetts. Cited in "Various Celebrations," Springfield Daily Republican, 5 July 1876, 6.

Furber, William Henry. Historical Address Delivered by Ex-Mayor Wm. H. Furber in the High School Building, Somerville, July 4, 1876 (Boston: J.E. Farwell, 1876). "Published by order of the City Council." Excerpt printed in "The Centennial Fourth," Boston Evening Transcript, 5 July 1876, 6.

Galagher, C. V. Speech delivered at Saunders' Grove in Omaha, Nebraska. Printed in "Close of the Century," Omaha Republican, 6 July 1876, 4.

Gardiner, Samuel L. Oration presented in Sag Harbor, New York. Cited in New York Sun, 5 July 1876, 3.

Gardner, John A. Historical address delivered by Col. John A. Gardner, on the early times in Weakley County; giving a synopsis of the scenes and incidents for the past fifty years (Dresden, Tenn.: Denham & Harris, at the Democrat Office, 1876).

Garnett, Henry Wise. Historical address on the history of Essex County, Virginia, delivered at Occupacia, Essex Co., Virginia, on July 4th, 1876 (Washington: Judd & Detweiler, 1876).

Gaston, Joseph. Oration presented in Gaston, Oregon, at the grove on the Tualatin River banks. Cited in Huffman, 186.

Gerry, Col. M. B. Oration at Centennial Park in Pueblo, Colorado. Printed in "Centennial 4th," Centennial Chieftain, 6 July 1876, 4.

Gibbs, Addison C., ex-governor. Oration presented at the park in Hillsboro, Oregon. Cited in Huffman, 188.

Gibson, John. "Historical Sketch" of York, Pennsylvania. Printed in The historical sketch, and account of the Centennial Celebration at York, Pa., July 4, 1876 (York, Pa.: Democratic Press Print., 1876).

Gildersleve, H. A., judge. "American Citizenship," delivered at the New York Democratic Committee celebration held in Irving Hall in New York City. Printed in ONCJ, 341-42 and "The Irving Hall Celebration," New York Sun, 5 July 1876, 1.

Giles, F. W. Address given in Topeka, Kansas. Cited in "The Fourth Elsewhere," St. Louis Globe-Democrat, 5 July 1876, 8.

Gilpatrick, Col. J. H. "The Incomparable Republic," delivered at Leavenworth, Kansas. Printed in ONCJ, 859-61.

Gobright, L. A. "A Resume of American History," delivered at Ford's Opera House in Washington, D.C. Cited in the National Intelligencer; 8 July 1876, 3, and "Independence Day Elsewhere," New York Times, 5 July 1876, 5; printed in ONCJ, 487-97; excerpts printed in Evening Star, 5 July 1876, 4.

Goddard, L. M. "The Glory, Growth and Greatness of America," delivered at Leavenworth, Kansas. Printed in ONCJ, 862-63.

Goldrick, O. J. "Historical Sketch of Denver," presented at Denver Park, Denver, Colorado. Printed in "The Fourth," Daily Rocky Mountain News, 6 July 1876, 1, 4.

Goodman, Richard. Address titled "General History of the Republic" presented in Lenox, Massachusetts. Cited in "Lenox," Springfield Daily Republican, 5 July 1876, 5.

Goodpasture, Albert Virgil. Overton County: Address of Albert V. Goodpasture, Delivered at Livingston, Tennessee, July 4th, 1876 ([Nashville, TN]: Cumberland Presbyterian Pub. House, 1877).

Goodrich, Rev. Massena. Historical oration presented in Pawtucket, Rhode Island. Cited in "Independence Day Elsewhere," New York Times, 5 July 1876, 5.

Goss, Elbridge Henry. The Centennial Fourth: Historical Address Delivered in Town Hall, Melrose, Mass., July 4, 1876 (Boston: Press of T.W. Ripley).

Grammer, Rev. Julius C. A thanksgiving address presented at St. Peter's Protestant Episcopal Church in Baltimore. Cited in "Religious Observance of the Fourth," Baltimore Bee, 5 July 1876, 3.

Granger, John Albert. The History of Canandaigua; an Address ... at the Centennial Celebration, July 4, 1876 (Canandaigua, N.Y.: Ontario repository and messenger, 1876).

Green, E. H. Address presented in Charlevoix, Michigan. Cited in Sentinel, 10 July 1876, as reported in Rosa Nettleton Book Web page at Charlevoix Public Library.

Green, Edward Thomas. Delivered at Trenton, New Jersey. Published as Oration Delivered at Trenton, N.J., by Edward T. Green, July 4th, 1876 (Trenton, N.J.: John L. Murphy, State Gazette printing house, 1876); cited in Sinclair, 47; "The Day in Trenton," New York Sun, 5 July 1876, 3; "All Around New York," New York Times, 5 July 1876, 10.

Green, Samuel Abbott, of Boston. An Historical Address, Bi-centennial and Centennial, Delivered July 4, 1876 at Groton, Massachusetts, by Request of the Citizens by Samuel Abbott Green (Groton, Mass., 1876). "An historical address delivered at Groton, Mass. ... at the dedication of three monuments erected by the town." Excerpt printed in "Groton," Boston Evening Transcript, 5 July 1876, 3.

Greenslit, Mr. Patriotic address at Wilter's grove in Hampton, Connecticut. Cited in "Observances in Other Parts of the State," Hartford Courant, 6 July 1876, 1.

Griggs, N.K. Centennial Address of Hon. N.K. Griggs, Delivered at Wilbur, Saline County, Neb. (Lincoln, Neb.: Journal C., 1876).

Grimshaw, William A. History of Pike County. A Centennial Address Delivered by Hon. William A. Grimshaw, at Pittsfield, Pike County, Illinois, July 4, 1876 (Pittsfield, Ill.: Democrat Job Rooms, 1877?

Griswold, S. O. "The Changes of a Century," delivered in Cleveland, Ohio. Printed in ONCJ, 593-608.

Grow, F. P. "Short Salutatory Address" at the Fair Grounds in Montrose, Pennsylvania. Printed in "The Fourth of Fourths," The Republican, 10 July 1876, 1; cited in 12 July 1876, 6.

Grow, Galusha A. Brief address at the Court House in Montrose, Pennsylvania, on the occasion of the laying of the cornerstone of the Soldiers' Monument. Cited in The Republican, 10 July 1876.

Gulliver, Rev. John P. "Our Success Our Future," delivered at Binghampton, New York. Printed in ONCJ, 410-25.

Hale, W. B. Address presented at the Edwards Church in Northampton, Massachusetts. Cited in "Various Celebrations," Springfield Daily Republican, 5 July 1876, 6.

Hale, William A., of Lancaster. A "brief and appropriate address" presented in New Lexington, Ohio, at Monument Square. Cited in New Lexington Herald, 6 July 1876, and referred to in Ephraim S. Colborn, History of Perry County (Chicago: W. H. Beers, 1883).

Hall, Benjamin F. Address presented at Auburn, New York. Printed in Centennial demonstration, at Auburn, N.Y. : A report of the proceedings, including the salutes and flag raising, the names and ages of the committee, officers, clergy and speaker : The remarks of President Myers, and the address of Judge Hall (Auburn [N.Y.]: W.J. Moses' Publishing House, 16 Clark Street, 1876).

Hall, C. H., of Salem, Oregon. "The American Race," an oration presented at the grove in Aumsville, Oregon. Cited in Huffman, 120-21.

Hall, Gen. James A. Historical address. Centennial celebration at Damariscotta and Newcastle, July 4, 1876 (Waldoboro [Maine]: Miller & Atwood, 1876).

Hall, John M. Oration presented at Young's grove in Willimantic, Connecticut. Cited in "Observances in Other Parts of the State," Hartford Courant, 6 July 1876, 1.

Halstead, Mr. Address presented at the House of Refuge on Randall's Island, New York. Cited in "Celebration Notes," New York Times, 5 July 1876, 7.

Hamilton, Alexander, Jr. Brief address at the meeting of the New York State Society of the Cincinnati held in their library at no. 67 University Place in New York. Cited in "Society of the Cincinnati," New York Times, 5 July 1876, 7.

Hamilton, B. B. Historical Sketch of Jersey County, Illinois. Delivered at Jerseyville, July 4, 1876 (Jacksonville, Ill., Courier Printing House, 1876).

Hamlin, Rev. C. H. Address presented "upon the green between the town hall and Second Congregational Church," in Chester, Massachusetts. Cited in "Chester," Springfield Daily Republican, 5 July 1876, 5.

Hammond, Rev. Charles, of Munson, Mass. Historical address in Tolland, Connecticut, at the grandstand in front of the Tolland National Bank. Printed in "The Fourth on Tolland Hills," Hartford Courant, 6 July 1876, 1.

Harris, Frederick Halsey. Address read in Montclair, New Jersey, by Dr. J. J. H. Love. Published as An Historical Sketch of Montclair. . . (Montclair, N.J.: Montclair Times steam print, 1881); cited in Sinclair, 47.

Hart, Mayor. Address presented at the celebration of the Irish societies at the bandstand in New Britain, Connecticut. Cited in "Observances in Other Parts of the State," Hartford Courant, 6 July 1876, 1.

Hart, Rev. Levi Mills. Address presented in German at the celebration of the Irish societies at the bandstand in New Britain, Connecticut. Cited in "Observances in Other Parts of the State," Hartford Courant, 6 July 1876, 1.

Hatch, F. L. Centennial Oration Delivered by F. L. Hatch, at Colusa, on the Fourth of July, 1876. Colusa, Calif.: Printed by Addington & Green, 1876.

Haven, John. Historical address, Delivered in Charlton [Mass.], July 4, 1876 (Southbridge, Mass: Journal Print, 1876).

Hawley, Joseph R., president of the United States Centennial Commission. Address presented at the Old State House (Independence Hall), Philadelphia. Printed in ONCJ, 16; excerpt printed in "City of the Declaration," New York Times, 5 July 1876, 3; excerpt printed in Helena Daily Herald, 11 July 1876, 1.

Hayden, Jabez Haskell. "Centennial Address" given at Windsor, Connecticut. Printed in Report of the Centennial Celebration of the Anniversary of Our Independence, at Windsor, Conn., July 4, 1876. By Authority of the Committee of Arrangements. (Hartford: Press of the Case, Lockwood & Brainard company, 1876); cited in "Observances in Other Parts of the State," Hartford Courant, 6 July 1876, 1.

Hazelrigg, John T. Historical address upon the occasion of the celebration of the centennial anniversary of the Declaration of American Independence, July 4, 1876, at West Liberty, Morgan County, Kentucky (Cincinnati: Wilson, Hinkle & Co., 1876).

Hazeltine, J. S. Speech presented in Carthage, Missouri, at the park. Cited in "How Jasper County Celebrated," St. Louis Globe-Democrat, 6 July 1876, 1.

Hazen, Azel Washburn. A Discourse on the History of the First Church of Christ, in Middletown, Conn.: for the Century Ending July 4, 1876. Delivered July 9, 1876 (Middletown, Conn.: Pelton & King, 1876).

Headlee, Dr. "Read the history of Phelps County," in Rolla, Missouri. Cited in "The Fourth at Rolla," Phelps County New Era, 8 July 1876, 3.

Hecker, Fred. Speech presented in German in St. Louis. Cited in "At St. Louis," Helena Daily Herald, 11 July 1876, 4.

Hecker, John. Speech in Jonesboro, Illinois. Cited in "The Fourth Elsewhere," St. Louis Globe-Democrat, 5 July 1876, 8.

Hedges, Cornelius. Address titled "Historical Sketch of Lewis and Clarke County, Montana, July 4th, 1876," presented in Helena at the Court House Square. Address printed in Helena Daily Herald, 5 and 8 July 1876, 1 and 1, respectively.

Hedges, Henry Parsons. A Centennial and Historical Address Delivered at Bridge-Hampton, L.I. (Sag-Harbor [N.Y.]: John H. Hunt, printer, 1876).

Heidenfeld, Theodore. Address in German presented at the Saenger Verband celebration at Jones Woods in New York City. Cited in "Centennial Saenger Verband," New York Times, 5 July 1876, 7.

Hemiup, N. H. Oration presented in Kearney, Nebraska. From the Kearney Times as reported in Margaret Stines Nielsen, "Roots of Buffalo County: The English," Buffalo Tales 5/1 (January 1982).

Hermann, Binger. Oration presented at Scottsburg, Oregon. Cited in Huffman, 78.

Herrick, Rev. Samuel, of Boston. Oration delivered at Southampton, New York. Cited in New York Sun, 5 July 1876, 3.

Hickok, Rev. Henry Franklin. "Centennial Sermon" read in Orange, New Jersey. Published under the title A Sermon, by the Rev. Henry F. Hickok, Preached on Sunday, July 2, 1876, at the Second Presbyterian Church, of Orange, N.J. (Orange, N.J.: Printed at the Orange Chronicle Book and job printing office, 1876); cited in Sinclair, 47-48.

High, Rev. W. C. Address presented in Springfield, Massachusetts, at the grounds of S. N. Heywood on Liberty Street. Cited in "Springfield," Springfield Daily Republican, 4 July 1876, 6.

Hill, Thomas Wilton. Address presented in Jamesburg, New Jersey. Published as Jamesburg, New Jersey, Historical Address, by T. Wilton Hill, July 4th, 1876 (Philadelphia: Allen, Lane & Scott's printing house, 1876); "Historical Address. Delivered at Wigwam Grove, Jamesburg, New Jersey, July 4th, 1876, by T. Wilton Hill, cashier, First National Bank, Jamesburg, New Jersey," in Centennial and Historical Exercises at Jamesburg, N.J.,1876 (Philadelphia, 1876), 53-76; cited in Sinclair, 48.

Hine, Orlo Daniel. Early Lebanon. An Historical Address Delivered in Lebanon, Conn., by Request, on the National Centennial, July 4, 1876 (Hartford, Conn.: Press of The Case, Lockwood & Brainard company, 1880).

Hobart, F. A. Centennial Celebration at Braintree, Mass., July 4, 1876. Printed by order of the town (Boston: Alfred Mudge & Son, Printers, 1877).

Hodge, Dr. J. M. Speech presented at Lincoln, Kansas, at the Court House. Cited in Saline Valley Register, 5 July 1876.

Hoffman, Henry W. Speech presented at the grandstand in Cumberland, Maryland. Printed in "Uncle Sam's Birthday," Cumberland Alleganian Times, 6 July 1876, 1, 4.

Hogeboom, John T. Oration by John T. Hogeboom, at the Centennial Celebration at Hudson, N.Y. on the Fourth Day of July, 1876. Hudson, N.Y.?: Bryan & Goeltz, 1876.

Holbrook, Albert W. Historical Address, Delivered before the Town of Wellfleet, by A.W. Holbrook, July 4th, 1876. Published by Order of the Town Authorities. (Provincetown [Mass.]: Advocate Printing Establishment, 1876). Holland, Rev. R. A. "Democracy in Danger," delivered in Christ Church, St. Louis, Missouri. Printed in ONCJ, 618-33.

Holley, A. H. Address at Salisbury, Conn. (Pittsfield, Mass.: Chickering & Axtell, 1876).

Horton, Joseph Dempster. Address delivered July 4, 1876, at Ravenna, O [S.l., s.n., 1876?]

Hovey, Alvin Peterson. Centennial Historical Sketch of Posey County, Indiana (Printed and sold by T. Collins, [1876?]).

Hovey, Horace Carter. Fair Haven: Centennial Discourse Delivered in the Second Congregational Church, Fair Haven, Connecticut, Sunday, July 9th, 1876 (New Haven [Conn.]: Tuttle, Morehouse & Taylor, printers, 1876).

Howe, Elijah Franklin. Grafton. Historical Oration Delivered by Rev. E. Frank Howe, at the Centennial Celebration Held at Grafton, Mass., July 4th, 1876 (Worcester: Press of C. Hamilton, 1878).

Hubbard, E. A. Address presented in Springfield, Massachusetts, at the grounds of S. N. Heywood on Liberty Street. Cited in "Springfield," Springfield Daily Republican, 4 July 1876, 6.

Hubbard, William G. The True Secret of Our Nation's Progress: An Address Delivered in Old Carpenter's Hall at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1876 (Columbus, Ohio: Columbus Printing Works, 1884).

Hudson, Charles. Abstract of the history of Hudson, Mass., from its first settlement to the centennial anniversary of the declaration of our national independence. July 4, 1876. With the actions of the town, and the proceedings at the celebration. Published by vote of the town, 1877 (Boston: T.R. Marvin & Son, Printers).

Hutchinson, John A. Speech presented in Parkersburg, West Virginia. Printed in "Editorial Jottings," Wheeling Daily Register, 6 July 1876, 2.

Hyde, E. H. Address in Tolland, Connecticut, at the grandstand in front of the Tolland National Bank. Printed in "The Fourth on Tolland Hills," Hartford Courant, 6 July 1876, 1.

Ingersoll, Robert Green (1833-1899). Delivered at Peoria, Illinois, at Frink's Grove. Published under the title Centennial Oration on the Declaration of Independence. Paterson, N.J.: Independent Publications, 1976? "Delivered at the 100th anniversary of the Declaration of Independence, at Peoria, Ill., July 4, 1876"; printed under the title "The Meaning of the Declaration," in ONCJ, 694-709; cited in "The Fourth Elsewhere," St. Louis Globe- Democrat, 5 July 1876, 8.

Ingraham, William H. Address of Wm. H. Ingraham, Esq.: and Oration by Rev. J. F. Lovering, at the Centennial Celebration, White's Hill Grove, Watertown, Mass., July 4th, 1876 ([Watertown, Mass.: Printed by order of the Selectmen], 1876).

Irish, James R. Historical Sketch of the Town of Richmond [Rhode Island] from 1747 to 1876. . . . Prepared by James R. Irish, D.D., and delivered July 4th, 1876, at Wood River Grove (Hope Valley, R.I.: Wood River Advertiser Press, 1877; reprint, Sarasota, FL.: Aceto Bookmen, 2002).

Irwin, Samuel D. Historical address, history of Forest County: (centennial A.D. 1876) ([Tionesta, Pa.], 1876).

Jacob, John J., governor of West Virginia. Speech presented in Parkersburg, West Virginia. Printed in "The Day," Wheeling Daily Register, 6 July 1876, 4.

Jacob, John J., governor of West Virginia. "The Temple of National Liberty," delivered at Wheeling, West Virginia. Printed in ONCJ, 864-65.

James, Judge. Historical oration presented in Natchez, Mississippi. Cited in "At Natchez, Miss.," St. Louis Globe-Democrat, 6 July 1876, 1.

James, Mr. Address in New York in the basement of the Post Office building to postal workers. Printed in "Patriotic Post Office Clerks," New York Times, 5 July 1876, 12.

Jerome, George H. Centennial Oration, Delivered at Niles, Mich., July 4th, 1876 (Niles, Mich.: Republican Book and Job Print, 1876).

Jessup, Gen. William H. Oration presented at the Fair Grounds in Montrose, Pennsylvania. Printed in The Republican, 10 July 1876; cited in Montrose Democrat, 12 July 1876, 6.

Johnson, Aholiab. Historical address of Enfield presented in the center of town in Enfield, Connecticut. Cited in "Observances in Other Parts of the State," Hartford Courant, 6 July 1876, 1.

Johnston, George W. C., mayor of Cincinnati. "Centennial Address," delivered in Cincinnati, Ohio. Printed in ONCJ, 573-74.

Jones, Mr., "of the Board of Education." Address presented at the House of Refuge on Randall's Island, New York. Cited in "Celebration Notes," New York Times, 5 July 1876, 7.

Kearny, J. L. "Historical sketch" delivered in Perth Amboy, N.J. Published in Celebration of the Centenary of American Independence, in Perth Amboy, N.J., July 4th, 1876 (Perth Amboy, N.J.: Henry Farmer, book and job printer, 1876); cited in Sinclair, 49.

Kelley, Harrison. A Centennial Oration: Historical Address on Coffey County, Kansas!: Delivered on the Fourth Day of July, A.D. 1876 at Burlington, Kansas. Burlington, Kan.: Printed at the Burlington Weekly Patriot Book and Job Office, 1876.

Kellner, G. At a celebration of the Humboldt Association at Fairmount Park, Philadelphia, and the "dedication and unveiling of the Humboldt Monument." "Exercises in Fairmount Park," New York Times, 5 July 1876, 4.

Ketchum, Judge. Address presented at the House of Refuge on Randall's Island, New York. Cited in "Celebration Notes," New York Times, 5 July 1876, 7.

Keyes, John S. Oration presented at the Town Hall in Concord, New Hampshire. Cited in "Fourth of July Celebrations," Boston Evening Transcript, 5 July 1876, 8.

Keyser, Charles S. At a celebration of the Humboldt Association at Fairmount Park, Philadelphia, and the "dedication and unveiling of the Humboldt Monument." "Exercises in Fairmount Park," New York Times, 5 July 1876, 4.

Kidder, Joseph. "The Perpetuity of the Republic," delivered at Manchester, New Hampshire. Printed in ONCJ, 251-53. Kirkpatrick, John M. "Echoes from Lexington and Bunker Hill," delivered at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Printed in ONCJ, 65-73.

Knickerbacker, Joseph Foster. Centennial Day: an Oration, Delivered at Schaghticoke, N.Y. July the Fourth, Eighteen Hundred and Seventy-Six, the One Hundredth Anniversary of American Independence (Troy, N.Y.: E. Green, printer, 1876).

Krautbauer, Bishop Francis Xavier. Fourth of July oration. Address at the "episcopal residence, the 30th of May, A.D. 1876." Source: 1 sheet located in Georgetown University Library.

Ladd, Jed P. Centennial Oration, Alburgh Springs, VT, 1876 (St. Albans, VT, 1876).

Lamar, Albert R. Delivered at the Centennial celebration in Savannah, Georgia. Printed in ONCJ, 119; cited in "Independence Day Elsewhere," New York Times, 5 July 1876, 5.

Lane, Thomas E. Read "the history of the School of Mines," in Rolla, Missouri. Cited in "The Fourth at Rolla," Phelps County New Era, 8 July 1876, 3.

Langston, John Mercer. "The National Utterances and Achievements of Our First Century," delivered in Portsmouth, Virginia to members of the Banneker Lyceum. Printed in ONCJ, 257- 69.

Lansing, C. J. Oration presented in Eureka, Nevada. Cited in "Nevada," San Francisco Chronicle, 6 July 1876, 2.

Latrobe, Ferdinand C., mayor of Baltimore. "Our Flag The Proud Emblem of the Republic," delivered in Baltimore. Printed in ONCJ, 235-36; excerpt printed in "The Nation's Birthday," Baltimore Bee, 5 July 1876, 4.

Lay, James Henry. A Sketch of the History of Benton County, Missouri by James H. Lay. Prepared for the Centennial Celebration of July 4th, 1876, at Warsaw, Missouri (Hannibal, Mo.: Winchell & Ebert Printing and Lithographing Company, 1876).

Lear, George. "The Beacon Fires of Liberty," delivered at Doylestown, Pennsylvania. Printed in ONCJ, 76-87.

Leavitt, J. B. Address presented in Harlem, New York, at the Eastern Boulevard Club at their "club-house, foot of East one hundred and twenty-first Street." Cited in "Celebration Notes," New York Times, 5 July 1876, 7.

Leavitt, Rev. John McDowell, president of Lehigh University. Oration presented in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. Cited in Joseph Mortimer Levering, A History of Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, 1741-1892 (Bethlehem, Pa.: Times Publishing Co., 1903), 753.

Lewis, A., mayor of Detroit. Address delivered in Detroit, Michigan. Printed in ONCJ, 653.

Long, John Fent. Oration presented at the "Concord Farmer's Club," Concord, Missouri, "at their hall, a mile south of the farm of President Grant." Cited in "Concord Farmer's Barbecue," St. Louis Globe-Democrat, 5 July 1876, 4.

Lounsbery, William. Historical Address Delivered at the City of Kingston by William Lounsbery, at the Centennial Anniversary of American Independence, July 4, 1876 (Kingston, N.Y.: W.H. & J.C. Romeyn, 1876).

Lovering, Joseph Foster. Address of Wm. H. Ingraham, Esq.: and Oration by Rev. J. F. Lovering, at the Centennial Celebration, White's Hill Grove, Watertown, Mass., July 4th, 1876 ([Watertown, Mass.: Printed by order of the Selectmen], 1876).

Lowe, Peter R. A Centennial Edition of the Semi-Centennial Oration on American Independence (Portland: Centennial Publishing Co./Stephen Berry, printer, 1876). Note: This was an address given in Dayton, Ohio in 1826 and reprinted for the Centennial.

Lyman, Payson Williston. Historical Address Delivered at the Centennial Celebration, in Easthampton, Mass., July 4, 1876 (Springfield, Mass.: Clark W. Bryan & Co., printers, 1877). Cited in "Easthampton," Springfield Daily Republican, 5 July 1876, 5-6.

Lyons, Chief. Speech at the dedication of the drinking fountain in Greenfield, Massachusetts. Cited in "Various Celebrations," Springfield Daily Republican, 5 July 1876, 6.

Lyons, Capt. J. R. Address at the Court House in Montrose, Pennsylvania, on the occasion of the laying of the cornerstone of the Soldier's Monument. Printed in The Republican, 10 July 1876.

M'Cauley, I. H. Historical Sketch of Franklin County, Pennsylvania. Prepared for the Centennial Celebration, Held at Chambersburg, Pa., July 4, 1876 (Chambersburg, Pa.: Pomeroy Publishing Company, 1878).

McClatchy, James. Address presented in Sacramento, California, at the Pavilion. Cited in "Coast Patriotism," San Francisco Chronicle, 6 July 1876, 2.

McCollester, Sullivan Holman. Centennial Address at Marborough, N.H., July 4, 1876 (Boston: Geo. H. Ellis, 1880).

McComas, E. S. Address read in Union, Oregon. Printed in Portland Daily Bee, 20 July 1876, and Huffman, 170-72.

McElroy, George W. Oration presented in York, Pennsylvania. Printed in The historical sketch, and account of the Centennial Celebration at York, Pa., July 4, 1876 (York, Pa.: Democratic Press Print., 1876).

McGindley, Henry A., of St. Louis. Presented an address in Rolla, Missouri. Printed in "The Fourth at Rolla," Phelps County New Era, 8 July 1876, 3.

McNeil, John. Speech presented at the "old Mechanics Bell" site at East Fourth Street, New York City. Cited in "Ringing the Old Mechanics' Bell," New York Sun, 5 July 1876, 1.

McNulta, Gen. John, of Bloomington. Oration presented in Magnolia, Illinois. Printed in Centennial anniversary exercises held at Magnolia, Putnam County, Ill., July 4, 1876 (Henry, Ill.: Geo. Burt, Jr., printer, 1876).

Maloney, Walter C. A Sketch of the History of Key West [Florida], by Walter C. Maloney. An Address Delivered at the Dedication of the New City Hall, July 4, 1876, at the Request of the Common Council of the City ( Newark, N.J.: Advertiser printing house, 1876).

Mandeville, Rev. Dr. Address presented at the House of Refuge on Randall's Island, New York. Cited in "Celebration Notes," New York Times, 5 July 1876, 7.

Marine, William H. Address that "recounts the deeds of the heroes of '76" takes place at Greenwood Park, near Baltimore. Cited in "The Nation's Birthday," Baltimore Bee, 5 July 1876, 4.

Marks, Charles H. Oration present at Hoffman's warehouse in Merced, California. Cited in "Coast Patriotism," San Francisco Chronicle, 6 July 1876, 2.

Marsh, Charles Phelps (1816-1893). Centennial Oration Delivered Before the Citizens of Woodstock, Vt., and Vicinity, on the Fourth of July, 1876. Chicago: Beach, Barnard & Co., printers, 1876.

Martin, E. K. Oration presented at New Holland, Pennsylvania. Printed in The Three Earls.: An historical sketch, and proceedings of the centennial jubilee, held at New Holland, Pa., July 4, 1876 (New Holland [Pa.]: : Ranck & Sandoe., 1876).

Mears, David Otis. Oration Delivered at Essex, Mass., July 4th, 1876 (Essex: E.S. Burnham, 1876).

Merritt, J. W., of New York. Oration presented in Jacksonville, Oregon. Printed in Oregon Sentinel, 12 July 1876, and cited in Huffman, 88.

Miles, Gen. Nelson A. "A Welcome to the Coming Century," delivered at Leavenworth, Kansas. Printed in ONCJ, 857-58.

Millard, Alfred L. Early History of Lenawee County and of the City of Adrian: from the first settlement of the county. Historical oration delivered at Adrian, July 4, 1876. (Adrian, Mich.: Times and Expositor Steam Press, 1876). Cited in "Adrian," Chicago Tribune, 6 July 1876, 2.

Milliken, Thomas I. Address read in McCoytown, Pennsylvania on July 4, 1876. Published in Democrat and Register (Mifflintown, Pa.),19 July 1876.

Mills, William, judge. Centennial Historical Address: Greene County, O. ; Delivered at Xenia [Ohio], July 4, 1876 (Xenia, Ohio: Gazette Steam Print, 1876).

Moran, T. A. Speech presented at the Exposition Building in Chicago, Illinois. Cited in "Second Regiment," Chicago Tribune, 5 July 1876, 3.

Morse, Nathaniel. Address presented at the dedication of the new Town Hall in New Hartford, Connecticut. Cited in "Observances in Other Parts of the State," Hartford Courant, 6 July 1876, 1.

Morton, J. Sterling. Oration presented at Nebraska City, Nebraska. Printed in A commemorative pamphlet: it relates to July 4th, 1876, at Nebraska City, Otoe County, Nebraska and contains the names and positions of all the officers of the day, the programme of exercises, and an oration (Chicago: J.M.W. Jones, printer, 1876).

Mott, Lucretia, see Anthony, Susan B. Myers, president of centennial committee. Address presented at Auburn, New York. Printed in Centennial Demonstration, at Auburn, N.Y. : A Report of the Proceedings, Including the Salutes and Flag Raising, the Names and Ages of the Committee, Officers, Clergy and Speaker : The Remarks of President Myers, and the Address of Judge Hall (Auburn [N.Y.]: W. J. Moses' Publishing House, 16 Clark Street, 1876).

Nason, Elias. Billerica [Massachusetts], a Centennial Oration by the Rev. Elias Nason, July 4, 1876 (Lowell: Printed by Marden and Rowell, 1876).

Newman, Rev. Address presented at the Metropolitan M. E. Church in Washington, D.C. Cited in Evening Star, 5 July 1876, 4.

Nichols, Rev., of Howard Valley Church. Address at Wilter's grove in Hampton, Connecticut. Cited in "Observances in Other Parts of the State," Hartford Courant, 6 July 1876, 1.

Noble, Henry C. Historical address delivered at Columbus, O., on the evening of July 3d, 1876 (Columbus, O.: Ohio state journal rooms, 1876). The address was delivered at the Opera House; cited in "Independence Day Elsewhere," New York Times, 5 July 1876, 5.

Nourse, C. C. Iowa and the Centennial: an Address (Des Moines : [s.n.], 1876).

Nunn, William. Oration presented at Meacham's Grove, Dupage County, Illinois. Cited in "Meacham," Chicago Tribune, 6 July 1876, 8.

Nye, Gideon. Oration Presented at Canton, China. Printed in The Centennial celebration of American independence at Canton, China, on the 4th July, 1876 (Canton : Office of the "Daily Advertiser", 1876).

O'Byrne, John. "The Matchless Story," delivered at Wilmington, Delaware. Printed in ONCJ, 88-91.

O'Gorman, Richard. "The Grandeur of Our Republic," delivered at Irving Hall in New York City. Printed in ONCJ, 328-40 and in New York Sun, 5 July 1876, 1.

O'Hara, M., Dr., Chairman of the Centennial Committee of the Philadelphia Union. At a celebration of a national convention of the Catholic Total Abstinence Societies and the "dedication of the Catholic Temperance Fountain" in Philadelphia. New York Times, 5 July1876, 4-5.

Oglesby, Richard J., Senator (R) from Illinois. Oration presented in Decatur, Illinois. Cited in "The Fourth Elsewhere," St. Louis Globe-Democrat, 5 July 1876, 8.

Orrick, Jno. C. Address given in St. Charles, Missouri, at the park. Cited in "The Fourth Elsewhere," St. Louis Globe-Democrat, 5 July 1876, 8.

Park, John C. Address presented at the City Hall in Newton, Massachusetts. Cited in "The Centennial Fourth," Boston Evening Transcript, 5 July 1876, 6, and published in The Centennial celebrations of the city of Newton on the Seventeenth of June and the Fouth of July by and under the direction of the city of Newton (Newton: Published by order of the city council, 1876/Boston: Franklin Press: Rand, Avery and Co.).

Parke, Benjamin. "Historical Address" presented at the Fair Grounds in Montrose, Pennsylvania. Cited in The Republican, 10 July 1876 and Montrose Democrat, 12 July 1876, 6.

Parker, Courtland. "The Open Bible; or, Tolerant Christianity," delivered at the First Baptist Church in Newark, New Jersey. Printed in ONCJ, 92-118; cited in "A Great Day in Newark," New York Sun, 5 July 1876, 3.

Parker, I. C. "Centennial Oration," delivered at Fort Smith, Arkansas. Printed in ONCJ, 756-64.

Parsons, Israel. The Centennial History of the Town of Marcellus [New York] Delivered in the Presbyterian Church of Marcellus, Onondaga County, N.Y., July 4th 1876 by Israel Parsons (Marcellus [N.Y.]: [s.n.], 1878 (Marcellus N.Y.: Reed's Print House)).

Patterson, Rev. A. J., of Boston Highlands. Oration presented at the grandstand in Portsmouth, New Hampshire. Cited in "Fourth of July Celebrations," Boston Evening Transcript, 5 July 1876, 8.

Patterson, William, mayor of Perth Amboy, New Jersey. Address delivered in Perth Amboy. Published in Celebration of the Centenary of American Independence, in Perth Amboy, N.J., July 4th, 1876 (Perth Amboy, N.J.: Henry Farmer, book and job printer, 1876); cited in Sinclair, 49.

Pelletreau, William Smith. Centennial celebration at Southampton, Long Island, N.Y., July 4th, 1876: historical address (Sag-Harbor, L.I.: Express Print, 1876).

Penniman, Rev. Historical address presented in Great Barrington, Massachusetts. Cited in "Various Celebrations," Springfield Daily Republican, 5 July 1876, 6.

Pennington, Elias M. Centennial Oration Delivered [in Baskingridge, N.J.] by E. M. Pennington, esqu., counselor at Law, July 4th, 1876 (Baskingridge, New Jersey, [1876]); cited in Sinclair, 48-49.

Perkins, Hosea B. Address titled "Our Centennial Year" presented at Shedler's High Bridge Hotel in Fort Washington, New York. Cited in "Celebration Notes," New York Times, 5 July 1876, 7.

Perry, Rev. Historical oration presented in Bristol, Rhode Island. Cited in "Independence Day Elsewhere," New York Times, 5 July 1876, 5.

Petrie, J. A Centennial Sermon: Preached in the First Congregational Church, Pompey, July 2d, 1876 by the Rev. J. Petrie, pastor (Syracuse, N.Y.: Truair, Smith & Bruce, 1877).

Phelps, Gen. Charles E. Address presented at Druid Hill Park in Baltimore. Excerpt printed in "The Nation's Birthday," Baltimore Bee, 5 July 1876, 4.

Phenix, C. C. Beaman. An Historical Address Delivered in Scituate, RI, July 4, 1876, at the request of the Town Authorities. Capron & Campbell, Steam Book & Job Printers, 1877.

Phillips, Wendell. Oration presented at the Town Hall in Brookline, Massachusetts. Cited in "Brookline," Boston Evening Transcript, 5 July 1876, 3.

Pierson, Gen. William, of Windsor Locks. Address given in Windsor, Connecticut. Cited in "Observances in Other Parts of the State," Hartford Courant, 6 July 1876, 1.

Pike, R. G. Address in Middletown, Connecticut. Cited in "Observances in Other Parts of the State," Hartford Courant, 6 July 1876, 1.

Pillsbury, John S. Address at Rice Park in St. Paul, Minnesota. Source: "Programme. City of St. Paul. Fourth of July [1876]" (Chilson Collection, Library, University of South Dakota).

Platt, Henry Clay. Old Times in Huntington. An Historical Address, by Hon. Henry C. Platt, Delivered at the Centennial Celebration at Huntington, Suffolk County, N.Y. on the 4th Day of July, 1876 (Huntington [N.Y.]: Long Islander Print, 1876).

Potter, Clarkson N. Address given at New Rochelle, New York, at Beauford's Point. Cited in "New Rochelle Celebration," New York Sun, 5 July 1876, 3.

Pratt, Elizur H. A Historical Sketch of the Town of Cape Vincent [New York]: Read at the Centennial Celebration of the Township, July 4, 1876 (Cape Vincent, N.Y.: W.W. Ames, Printer, 1876.

Prentiss, Nelson. Centennial address: delivered at Albion, Ind., July 4th, 1876 (Indiana: s.n., 1876?).

Quincy, Josiah. Speech delivered in Quincy, Massachusetts. Cited in "Celebrations Out of Town," Boston Evening Transcript, 5 July 1876, 4.

Quint, Alonzo Hall (1828-1896). One Hundredth Anniversary of the National Independence, July 4, 1876; its celebration by the city of Dover, N. H., the public proceedings, and oration. Dover, N.H., Morning Star Steam Job Printing House, 1876.

Rainey, Joseph H., Republican representative from South Carolina. Address given in Windsor, Connecticut. Cited in "Observances in Other Parts of the State," Hartford Courant, 6 July 1876, 1.

Ramsey, J.G.M., president of the Tennessee Historical Society. "The Iliad of Patriotism," delivered by Rev. T. A. Hoyt in Nashville, Tennessee. Printed in ONCJ, 543-54; "Independence Day Elsewhere," New York Times, 5 July 1876, 5.

Rantoul, Robert. Centennial of American Independence. Delivered in Stuttgart, Germany, July 4 1876.

Reichel, William C. A historical sketch by Reichel was read by U. J. Wenner in Bethelem, Pennsylvania. Cited in Joseph Mortimer Levering, A History of Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, 1741-1892 (Bethlehem, Pa.: Times Publishing Co., 1903), 753.

Reynolds, George D. Oration at the Grove in Boulder, Colorado. Cited in "The Fourth in Boulder," Boulder County News, 7 July 1876, 2.

Rice, C. B., of Danvers. Address presented at Arm's Grove in Conway, Massachusetts. Cited in "Various Celebrations," Springfield Daily Republican, 5 July 1876, 6.

Rice, Harvey. "Centennial Address," delivered at Cleveland, Ohio. Printed in ONCJ, 617.

Risdon, Judge. Historical sketch of Lane County, Oregon, presented in Eugene. Printed in Eugene City Guard, 8 July 1876 and cited in Huffman, 100-01.

Robbins, Dr. G. R. Address presented in Hamilton Square, New Jersey. Published in Joseph H. West, A History of the Village of Hamilton Square, Mercer County, New Jersey (Trenton, N.J.: John L. Murphy, State Gazette Printing House, 1876); cited in Sinclair, 50.

Roberts, Daniel. Address delivered at Burlington, Vermont. Printed in ONCJ, 498.

Rockwell, Julius. Centennial Celebration at Lenox, Mass.: Historical Address by Julius Rockwell (Pittsfield, Mass.: Chickering & Axtell, printers, 1876). Judge Rockwell's address cited in "Lenox," Springfield Daily Republican, 5 July 1876, 3; cited in "Independence Day Elsewhere," New York Times, 5 July 1876, 5.

Rockwood, S. S., professor of the Wisconsin State Normal School. "The Influence of Popular Education Upon the Nation," delivered at Janesville, Wisconsin. Printed in ONCJ, 788-92.

Rollinson, Rev. William. Oration delivered at Gordon's Opera House in Rahway, N.J. Published as Centennial Celebration. July 4th, 1876 (Rahway, N.J., 1876); cited in Sinclair, 49.

Romeyn, Theodore. "National Perils and Safeguards," delivered at Detroit, Michigan, at the grandstand in the center of town. Printed in ONCJ, 638-49; cited in "The Fourth Elsewhere," St. Louis Globe-Democrat, 5 July 1876, 8, and in "Independence Day Elsewhere," New York Times, 5 July 1876, 5.

Roosevelt, R. B. Oration presented in Sayville, New York. Cited in New York Sun, 5 July 1876, 3.

Root, Professor. Oration presented in Belchertown, Massachusetts. Cited in "Belchertown," Springfield Daily Republican, 5 July 1876, 6.

Rosenthal, J. S., of Baltimore. Oration presented in Georgetown, at the ceremony held by Mount Sinai Society. Cited in Evening Star, 6 July 1876, 4.

Rothe, Emil, of Cincinnati, formerly editor of the Volksfreund. Oration presented before the Chicago Turngemeinde at Wright's Grove, Chicago. Cited in "The Germans," Chicago Tribune, 5 July 1876, 3.

Routt, John L., governor of Colorado. "Centennial Address," delivered at Denver Park, Denver, Colorado. Printed in ONCJ, 879 and "The Fourth," Daily Rocky Mountain News, 6 July 1876, 1, 4.

Rucker, Judge J. Y. Address about the future of the country given at the Cour House. Cited in "The Fourth of July in Liberty," Liberty Tribune, 7 July 1876, 3.

Russell, Mayor. Oration on the steps of City Hall in Trenton, New Jersey. Cited in "All Around New York," New York Times, 5 July 1876, 10.

Russell, John E. Oration presented at Leicester, Massachusetts. Printed in Celebration of the centennial anniversary of American independance, at Leicester; July 4th, 1876 (Worcester, Mass.: Press of Harrigan brothers [1876?]).

Rutter, Josiah. Historical Address Delivered before the Citizens of Waltham [Massachusetts], July 4, 1876 by Josiah Rutter ; with an Account of the Celebration of the Day (Waltham: Waltham Free Press Office, 1877).

Ryan, Abram J. Address delivered in Mobile, Alabama. Brief excerpt printed in Hay, 286-87.

Sanborn, Edwin D. Oration presented in Manchester, New Hampshire. Printed in New Hampshire at the Centennial : The Address of Governor Cheney; the Oration of Professor E. D. Sanborn . . . and an Account of the Other Exercises on New Hampshire Day at Philadelphia, October 12, 1876; to which is prefixed a sketch of the great centennial exhibition. Compiled by J. Bailey Moore (Manchester [N.H.]: J. B. Clarke, 1876).

Sanders, John. Centennial Address Relating to the Early History of Schenectady [New York] and its First Settlers Delivered at Schenectady, July 4th, 1876 by John Sanders (Albany, N.Y.: Van Benthuysen Print. House, 1879).

Saunders, T. O. A reading of the history of the town of Sunshine, Colorado, in Sunshine. Cited in "The Fourth in Sunshine," Boulder County News, 7 July 1876, 1.

Scharf, J. Thomas. Address titled "Historical Memoir" presented at Druid Hill Park in Baltimore. Cited in "The Nation's Birthday," Baltimore Bee, 5 July 1876, 4.

Schroeder, Frederick A. Oration presented at Fort Greene Plaza, New York City, midnight celebration. Source: "Old Hundred," Brooklyn Daily Eagle, 5 July 1876, 1.

Schurz, Carl. Speech presented in St. Louis. Cited in "At St. Louis," Helena Daily Herald, 11 July 1876, 4; selections printed in Chicago Daily Tribune, 10 July 1876, 1.

Schuyler, John. Brief address at the meeting of the New York State Society of the Cincinnati held in their library at no. 67 University Place in New York. Cited in "Society of the Cincinnati," New York Times, 5 July 1876, 7.

Scott, Col. John. Centennial Oration presented in Nevada, Iowa. Printed in William G. Allen, A History of Story County, Iowa (Des Moines: Iowa Printing Company, 1887).

Seaver, Rev. W. W., of Massachusetts. Brief address at the meeting of the New York State Society of the Cincinnati held in their library at no. 67 University Place in New York. Cited in "Society of the Cincinnati," New York Times, 5 July 1876, 7.

Seelye, John A. [John E. Seeley (R-N.Y.)?]. Address presented at the Congregational Church in Washington, D.C. Cited in Evening Star, 5 July 1876, 4.

Sellman, Dr. J.J.M. "American Free Institutions: the Joy and Glory of Mankind," delivered in Baltimore, Maryland, at Harlem Park. Printed in ONCJ, 229-34; excerpt printed in "The Nation's Birthday," Baltimore Bee, 5 July 1876, 5.

Seymour, Horatio, ex-governor of New York. "The Future of the Human Race," delivered at Rome, New York. Published in ONCJ, 381-97; excerpt in "Ex-Gov. Seymour's Oration in Oneida [County]," New York Sun, 5 July 1876, 3.

Seymour, John F. Centennial Address Delivered at Trenton, N.Y., July 4, 1876 by John F. Seymour, with Letters from Francis Adrian van der Kemp, Written in 1792, and Other Documents Relating to the First Settlement of Trenton and Central New York (Utica, N.Y.: White & Floyd, printers, 1877).

Shafer, Mr. Address presented at the House of Refuge on Randall's Island, New York. Cited in "Celebration Notes," New York Times, 5 July 1876, 7.

Shannon, Master J. H. Oration presented to the citizens of Washington, D.C. and surrounding Maryland neighborhoods at Suitland, Maryland. Cited in Evening Star, 5 July 1876, 4.

Shaw, J. Henry. Historical sketch of Cass County, Illinois: an oration delivered July 4, 1876, at Beardstown, Ills. (Bearstown [Ill.]: Published at the Office of the "Cass County Messenger", 1876).

Sheffield, William Paine. Historical Address of the City of Newport [Rhode Island]: Delivered July 4th, 1876 : with an Appendix (Newport: J.P. Sanborn & Co., printers, 1876). "Published by order of the City Council." Cited in "Independence Day Elsewhere," New York Times, 5 July 1876, 5.

Sheffield's address was given in the Opera House.

Shields, D. Oration presented in Natchez, Mississippi. Cited in "At Natchez, Miss.," St. Louis Globe-Democrat, 6 July 1876, 1.

Shuler, Chris C. The Mighty Empire of Freedom: its origin, rise and progress: ye centennial oration delivered by Chris C. Shuler (Parkersburg, Iowa: Dodge & Savage, 1876.

Shuman, Andrew, Republican candidate for Lieut. Gov. of Illinois. "Warnings for the Future," delivered at Lena, Illinois. Printed in ONCJ, 722-28; selections printed in Chicago Daily Tribune, 10 July 1876, 1.

Sill, Lieut,-Gov. Address given in Windsor, Connecticut. Cited in "Observances in Other Parts of the State," Hartford Courant, 6 July 1876, 1.

Silverwood, William, "an Englishman, who is widely known as a temperance orator." Address delivered at Elkridge Landing, "half a mile from the Relay House, on the B. and O.R.R." Cited in Baltimore Bee, 5 July 1876, 3.

Simonds, William Edgar. Address presented at the celebration held "at Collinsville, by the inhabitants of the town of Canton, Conn." Printed under the title "1776, 1876" (Hartford, Conn.: Bowler, Miller, 1877).

Slack, C. W., of Boston. Oration presented at the dedication of the Holyoke, Massachusetts, Soldiers Monument. Described in "The Brilliant Dedication of the Soldiers' Monument," Springfield Daily Republican, 5 July 1876, 5; Cited in "Independence Day Elsewhere," New York Times, 5 July 1876, 5.

Smith, Austin. "Historical Oration," presented at Westfield, N.Y., at the Virginia Hall. Printed in Westfield Republican, 5 July 1876, 1-2.

Smith, Isaac W. "The First Century of the Republic," delivered in Manchester, New Hampshire. Printed in ONCJ, 245-50. Smith, John M. Historical sketch of the town of Sunderland, Massachusetts, presented at the orchard of Dea Albert Hobart in Sunderland, Massachusetts. Cited in "Various Celebrations," Springfield Daily Republican, 5 July 1876, 6.

Smith, Gen. Lot. Oration at Sunset Crossing, Little Colorado, Yavapai County. Cited in "Celebration on Little Colorado," Arizona Weekly Miner, 21 July 1876, 1.

Smith, Washington. "Historical sketch of the county" presented at Lincoln, Kansas, at the Court House. Cited in Saline Valley Register, 5 July 1876.

Smucker, Isaac. Centennial History of Licking County, Ohio Read at the Centennial Celebration of the Licking Co. Agricultural Society, at the "Old Fort," July 4th, 1876, by Isaac Smucker (Newark, Ohio: Clark & Underwood, printers, 1876).

Soulard, A. L. Address presented at Shedler's High Bridge Hotel in Fort Washington, New York. Cited in "Celebration Notes," New York Times, 5 July 1876, 7.

St. John, Samuel. Historical address, Delivered in the Congregational Church, of New Canaan, Conn., July 4th, 1876 (New Canaan, Conn., 1876).

Stanley, W. J., of Illinois. Oration presented at Sam's Valley, Jackson County. Cited in Huffman, 89.

Stanton, Elizabeth Cady. Speech at the First Unitarian Church in Philadelphia. "The Woman Suffrage Association," New York Sun, 5 July 1876.

Stearns, Loyal B. Oration presented in Yamhill, Oregon. Cited in Huffman, 196.

Stebbins, Rev. Horatio. "Human Progress," delivered at Mechanics Pavilion, San Francisco. Printed in ONCJ, 824-35 and "Literary Exercises," San Francisco Chronicle, 6 July 1876, 4.

Sterns, L. O., of Baker County, Oregon. Oration delivered in Union, Oregon. Cited in Huffman, 168.

Stiles, Henry Reed, author of History of Ancient Windsor (1859). Address given in Windsor, Connecticut. Cited in "Observances in Other Parts of the State," Hartford Courant, 6 July 1876, 1.

Stone, Charles Wellington. The Puritan Spirit by Charles Wellington Stone. An Oration Delivered in Templeton, Mass., July 4, 1876 ([Templeton, Mass.: s.n., 1876]).

Stone, W. G. M. Speech on the progress of education in Colorado, at the Grove in Boulder, Colorado. Cited in "The Fourth in Boulder," Boulder County News, 7 July 1876, 2.

Stone, Wilbur F. "Historical Sketch" at Centennial Park in Pueblo, Colorado. Printed in "Centennial 4th," Colorado Chieftain, 6 July 1876, 4.

Storrs, Richard S. Delivered at the Academy of Music in New York City. Published under the title The declaration of independence, and the effects of it. An oration delivered before the citizens of New York, at the celebration of the centennial anniversary, July 4th, 1876. New York: A.D.F. Randolph & co., 1876; printed under the title "Rise of Constitutional Liberty," in ONCJ, 271-319.

Stoughton, John, of South Windsor. Address given in Windsor, Connecticut. Cited in "Observances in Other Parts of the State," Hartford Courant, 6 July 1876, 1.

Stoughton, Lemuel. Address given in Windsor, Connecticut. Cited in "Observances in Other Parts of the State," Hartford Courant, 6 July 1876, 1.

Strother, David Hunter. Historical Address Delivered by General Davie Strother at Berkeley Springs, West Virginia at the Centennial Celebration, July 4, 1876. Washington City, McGill and Withrow, 1876; reprinted Berkeley Springs, WV, Frederick T. Newbronigh, 1973.

Sumner, Charles Allen. Then and Now (San Francisco: Bacon & Co., printers, [1876]). "Delivered at Quincy, California, July 4th, 1876."

Sweet, Judge E. N. Historical address presented at the Court House grounds, West Point, Nebraska.. Printed in History of Cuming County, Nebraska (Lincoln: Journal Company, 1876); cited in "West Point," Omaha Republican, 8 July 1876, 1.

Sylvester, Nathaniel Barlett. Saratoga and Kay-ad-ros-se-ra : an Historical Address by N.B. Sylvester (Troy, N.Y.: William H. Young, 1876). "Delivered at Saratoga Springs, N.Y., July 4, 1876."

Talbot, George F. "The Nation's Birthday," delivered in Portland, Maine. Printed in ONCJ, 745-55.

Taylor, Rev. Jeremiah. "Our Republic," delivered at the planting of a centennial tree in Roger Williams Park, Providence, Rhode Island. Printed in ONCJ, 468-76; cited in "Independence Day Elsewhere," New York Times, 5 July 1876, 5.

Teller, Rev. H.W. "Oration, delivered at the Presbyterian Church, Springfield, N.J., on the centennial Fourth, July 4, 1876." Published in Springfield, Union County, N.J. The History of Its Centennial Fourth, Committees, Meetings, Procession, and Oration by Rev. H.W. Teller. . . (Newark, N.J.: Printed by Ward & Tichenor, 1876); cited in Sinclair, 49.

Thomas, Benjamin Franklin, of Boston. Oration at Mechanics' Hall in Worcester, Massachusetts. "Independence Day Elsewhere," New York Times, 5 July 1876, 5; excerpt published under the title "The New Century" in ONCJ, 215-20; published under the title Address to the City Council, and Citizens of Worcester (Worcester: Printed by order of the City Council, 1876).

Thompson, Rev. Hugh Miller. "Nation Building," delivered at New Orleans, at St. Patrick's Hall. Printed in ONCJ, 634-37; cited in "At New Orleans," St. Louis Globe- Democrat, 6 July 1876, 1.

Tilden, J. W. Oration presented in Charlevoix, Michigan. Cited in Sentinel, 10 July 1876, as reported in Rosa Nettleton Book Web page at Charlevoix Public Library.

Tillson, Gen. John. Historical address in Washington Park, Quincy, Illinois. Printed in Quincy Daily Herald, 6 July 1876.

Todd, John A. Reformed (Dutch) Church in America: the Posture of Its Ministers and People during the Revolution (Tarrytown, N.Y., 1876).

Tomlin, R. J., mayor of Nebraska City, Nevada. "Address of Welcome to the Chiefs of the Otoe Nation," delivered at Nebraska City, Nevada. Printed in ONCJ, 873.

Townsend, Solomon. Historical address given at Oyster Bay, New York., at the speaker's grove. Cited in "Oyster Bay Celebration," New York Sun, 5 July 1876, 3.

Tremaine, Gen. E. H. Oration presented at the Gospel Tent, 34th Street near 6th Avenue, in New York City. Cited in New York Herald, 5 July 1876, 3.

Tullock, Thomas L. Address presented at the Metropolitan M. E. Church in Washington, D.C. Cited in Evening Star, 5 July 1876, 4.

Turner, Henry Ellis. An Oration (Carthage, N.Y., 1876).

Turrell, William J. Brief address at the laying of the cornerstone of the Soldiers' Monument in Montrose, Pennsylvania. Cited in Montrose Democrat, 12 July 1876, 6, and The Republican, 10 July 1876.

Tuttle, Joseph Farrand. Address delivered at Morristown, N.J. Published under the title The Revolutionary Forefathers of Morris County, an Address Delivered at Morristown, N.J., July 4th, 1876, by Rev. Joseph F. Tuttle (Dover, N.J.: Benj. H. Vogt, printer-The Iron Era Office, 1876); J.F. Tuttle, "The Revolutionary Forefathers of Morris County," in Annals of Morris County (Dover, N.J.? 1877?), 32-39 and Centennial Collections of Morris County, 86-93; cited in Sinclair, 49-50.

Twitchell, Rev. J. H., pastor of Asylum Hill Church. "The Grand Mission of America," at the Opera House in Hartford, Connecticut. Cited in "Independence Day Elsewhere," New York Times, 5 July 1876, 5; printed in ONCJ, 128-30; description and excerpt in "Independence Day," Hartford Courant, 6 July 1876, 1.

Tysen, Ira Charles. Centennial Historical iscourse [Presented in Bedford, New Hampshire, 1876] (Manchester, N.H., 1876).

Vallejo, Mariano Guadalupe. Historical address: History of Sonoma County from the earliest settlement to the American occupation; delivered in Santa Rosa, July 4, 1876 (Santa Rosa, Calif., 1876).

Vanzant, George C. C. Historical oration presented in Warren, Rhode Island. Cited in "Independence Day Elsewhere," New York Times, 5 July 1876, 5.

Vernon, Dr. H. Oration presented at Lincoln, Kansas, at the Court House. Cited in Saline Valley Register, 5 July 1876.

Wager, E. G. Oration presented on the balcony of the Bret Harte House in Cohoes, New York. Cited in The History of Cohoes, New York . . . (Albany: J. Munsell, 1877), 233.

Walker, Leonida. Oration presented at McLeansboro, Illinois. Cited in History of Gallatin, Saline, Hamilton, Franklin and Williamson Counties, Illinois, from the Earliest Time to the Present (Chicago: Goodspeed Pub. Co., 1887; reprint, La Crosse Wis.: Brookhaven Press, 2001).

Ward, Durbin. "The Past Century Reviewed," delivered at Exposition Hall, Cincinnati, Ohio. Printed in ONCJ, 575-92; cited in "Independence Day Elsewhere," New York Times, 5 July 1876, 5.

Washburn, John Davis. Address, Delivered July 4, 1876, at Lancaster, Massachusetts: by Request of the Citizens by John D. Washburn Lancaster [Mass.: s.n.], 1876 (Worcester [Mass.]: Press of Chas. Hamilton).

Washburn, William B. Speech at the dedication of the drinking fountain in Greenfield, Massachusetts. Cited in "Various Celebrations," Springfield Daily Republican, 5 July 1876, 6.

Waters, Joe. Address given in Topeka, Kansas. Cited in "The Fourth Elsewhere," St. Louis Globe-Democrat, 5 July 1876, 8.

Watts, Legh Richmond. An Address Embracing a Historical Sketch of Norfolk County, Delivered at Berkley, July 4th, 1876, by Request of the Board of Supervisors (Norfolk, Va.: Landmark Book and Job Office, 1876).

Watts, Thomas H., governor of Alabama (1863-64). Oration in Montgomery, Alabama. "Independence Day Elsewhere," New York Times, 5 July 1876, 5; printed under the title "The Fundamental Principles of 1776" and the governor cited erroneously as John W. Watts in ONCJ, 736-44.

Weed, Smith Mead. Centennial Oration by Hon. Smith M. Weed, at Plattsburgh, Clinton County, New York, July 4th, 1876 ([n.p., 1876?]).

Wells, G. Wiley. Oration presented at Buker's Grove at Mount Pleasant in Washington, D.C. Cited in Evening Star, 1 July 1876, 4.

Wells, L. H., of Salem. Oration presented at Battle Creek Bridge, six miles south of Salem, Oregon. Cited in Huffman, 124.

Welles, Roger. Centennial Celebration: Historical Address by Roger Welles, Esq. and Poem by Miss Mary K. Atwood, Delivered in the Congregational Church, Newington, Conn., July 4, 1876 (Hartford [Conn.]: Allen and Sherwood Co., printers, 1876).

West, Joseph Harrison. A historical sketch read in Hamilton Square, New Jersey. Published under the title A History of the Village of Hamilton Square, Mercer County, New Jersey; Being Also a History of the Section Now Included in Mercer and Burlington Counties; Names of First Settlers and Acres Owned; Nottingham Township; Churches and Burying Grounds, with an Introductory Sketch of the First Settlement of New Jersey. Written to be Read on the Occasion of the Celebration at Hamilton Square, on July 4th, 1876, by Joseph H. West (Trenton, N.J.: John L. Murphy, State Gazette Printing House, 1876); cited in Sinclair, 50.

White, Horace, of Chicago. Historical address of the political growth of the U.S. presented in Beloit, Wisconsin. Cited in "Beloit," Chicago Tribune, 5 July 1876, 7.

White, William M. Address of Wm. M. White, at Springwater, N.Y., July 4, 1876 (Dansville, N.Y.: A.O. Bunnell, 1877).

White, William Orne. An Historical Address, Delivered in Keene, N.H., on July 4, 1876: at the Request of the City Government by William Orne White (Keene [N.H.]: Sentinel Print. Co., 1876).

Whitman, B.C. Oration presented at the Theater Hall in Carson City, Nevada. Printed in "The Fourth in Carson," Daily Territorial Enterprise (Virginia City), 6 July 1876, 1.

Whitteker, Rev. E. Historical address presented in Southampton, New York. Cited in New York Sun, 5 July 1876, 3.

Williams, C. G. Oration presented at Patten's Grove in Janesville, Wisconsin. Cited in "Janesville," Chicago Tribune, 5 July 1876, 7.

Williams, Rev. George W. The American Negro, from 1776 to 1876. Oration Delivered July 4, 1876, at Avondale, Ohio (Cincinnati: Robert Clarke & Co., 1876).

Willis, Benjamin Albertson (1840-1886). An Oration on the Occasion of the Centennial Celebration of American Independence: At Turner's Station, Orange Co., N.Y., July 4, 1876 (Washington, D.C.: Chronicle Pub. Co. Print., 1876).

Wilstach, John A. Oration presented in Lafayette, Indiana. Cited in "The Fourth Elsewhere," St. Louis Globe-Democrat, 5 July 1876, 8.

Winfield, Charles H. Oration delivered at Jersey City, New Jersey. Published as Programme for Celebrating the Centennial Anniversary of American Independence, on the Third and Fourth of July, 1876, by the people of Jersey City, with the Oration by the Hon. Charles H. Winfield. Of Jersey City (New York: W. R. Mason & Co., stationers and printers, 1876); cited in Sinclair, 48; described in New York Sun, 5 July 1876, 1.

"He made a very eloquent speech, tracing the history of the country from the time of the first settlers to the present, and related their struggles, virtues, and sufferings. He alluded to the oppressive acts of Great Britain, and spoke of the wisdom of our fathers in framing a Constitution which had not the weakness of a confederation nor the possibilities of tyranny like a centralized government." ("All Around New York," New York Times, 5 July 1876, 10.)

Winthrop, Robert C. "A Century of Self-Government," delivered in Boston. Printed in ONCJ, 145-96 and in "The Centennial Fourth," Boston Evening Transcript, 5 July 1876, 1- 3. Also published under the titled Oration on the Centennial Anniversary of the Declaration of Independence: Delivered in the Music Hall, at the Request of the City Government, Boston, 4 July, 1876 (Boston: Press of J. Wilson & Son, 1876).

A letter to the Farmers' Cabinet (11 July 1876, 2) provides an interesting incident by Winthrop during his address:

There was one passage however, which was so thrilling and which took his audience so completely by surprise, that I venture to give it. Speaking of that incomparable human document, the Declaration of Independence, he said: "I hold in my hands the identical desk on which that charter of our liberties was originally written." And as he held it up before the vast assembly, it became for the time more eloquent than words, and the audience spontaneously burst forth in audible demonstration of the surprise and inspiration which this relic so ancient and so full of meaning had awakened. The orator was silent while cheers went up from the assembled multitude as the only adequate expression of the patriotic emotions which the sight of the revolutionary memorial had excited. It was a grand device of the speaker, and right eloquently did he employ it, to give point and effectiveness to his oration.

Wood, Fernando. "Democracy, the Hope of the Nation," delivered at Tammany Hall in New York City. Printed in ONCJ, 321-27; excerpts printed in New York Sun, 5 July 1876, 1.

Wood, Rev. Franklin P. Oration in Acton, Massachusetts, at the Town Hall. Cited in "Other Places," Boston Evening Transcript, 5 July 1876, 6.

Woodruff, George C. Litchfield [Connecticut] Centennial Celebration, July 4th, A.D. 1876: Historical Address (Hartford [Conn.]: Press of the Case, Lockwood & Brainard Co., 1876).

Woodson, D. M. "Historical Address" of Greene County presented in Carrollton, Illinois. Cited in "At Carrollton, Ill.," St. Louis Globe-Democrat, 6 July 1876, 1.

Woodward, R. B., of Somerset. Speech presented in Shawnee, Ohio, at "a grove one-half mile north west of that village." Cited in New Lexington Herald, 6 July 1876, and referred to in Ephraim S. Colborn, History of Perry County (Chicago: W. H. Beers, 1883).

Woodwell, Rev. W. H. Oration at the Institute Hall, Mont Vernon, New Hampshire. Cited in "Celebration at Mont Vernon," Farmer's Cabinet, 11 July 1876, 2.

Woolfolk, Col. A. M. Oration presented at Court House Square in Helena, Montana. Printed in "1876," Helena Daily Herald, 5 July 1876, 3-4.

Wright, George G. Oration presented at the Metropolitan M. E. Church in Washington, D.C. Cited in Evening Star, 5 July 1876, 4.

Wright, Silas H., judge. "Centennial oration" presented in Lancaster, Ohio. Cited in History of Fairfield County, Ohio and Representative Citizens, Ed. Charles C. Miller (Chicago: Richmond-Arnold Pub. Co., 1912; reprint, La Crosse, Wis.: Brookhaven Press, 2001).

Wright, Williamson. Address on the history of Cass County, printed as An Account of the celebration of the centennial Fourth of July at Logansport, Ind.: containing a history of Cass County from its first settlement to the present time (Indiana?: s.n., 1876?). Information taken from Daily Star, 5 July 1876.

Young, V. G. An Outline History of Bath County, from January 15th, 1811 to 4th July, 1876: being an address (Lexington, Ky.: Transylvania Print, and Pub. Co., 1876).

Young, William J. Oration given at Oyster Bay, New York., at the celebration held at the grove belonging to Solomon Townsend.. Cited in "Oyster Bay Celebration," New York Sun, 5 July 1876, 3.

Ziegler, George K., President of the Humboldt Association at Fairmount Park, Philadelphia, at the "dedication and unveiling of the Humboldt Monument." "Exercises in Fairmount Park," New York Times, 5 July 1876, 4.

Geographical Index

Alabama

--Mobile (Ryan)

--Montgomery (Watts)

Arkansas

--Fort Smith (Parker)

California

--Colusa (Hatch)

--Los Angeles (Eastman)

--Merced (Marks)

--Quincy (Sumner)

--Sacramento (McClatchy)

--San Francisco (Dameron; Stebbins)

--Santa Rosa (Vallejo)

--Stockton (Fitch)

Colorado

--Boulder (Beck; Allen; Stone; Reynolds)

--Denver (Ellis; Goldrick; Routt)

--Pueblo (Gerry; Stone)

--Sunset Crossing (Smith)

--Sunshine (Saunders)

Connecticut

--Collinsville (Simonds)

--Enfield (Bond; Johnson)

--Fair Haven (Hovey)

--Hampton (Church; Cleveland; Greenslit; Nichols)

--Hartford (Atwood; Barnard; Crane; Twitchell)

--Lebanon (Hine)

--Litchfield (Woodruff)

--Middletown (Bacon; Douglass; Elmer; Hazen; Pike)

--New Britain (Hart)

--New Canaan (St. John)

--New Hartford (Betts; Foster; Morse)

--New Haven (Bacon)

--Newington (Welles)

--Salisbury (Holley)

--Tolland (Hammond; Hyde)

--Wethersfield (Adams)

--Willimantic (Hall)

--Windsor (Allen; Coogan; Ellsworth; Hayden; Pierson; Rainey; Sill; Stiles; Stoughton, L; Stoughton, J)

Delaware

--Wilmington (O'Byrne)

District of Columbia (and Georgetown)

(Buker; Dawes; Gobright; Newman; Rosenthal; Seelye; Shannon; Tullock; Wells; Wright)

Florida

--Key West (Maloney)

--Jacksonville (Drew)

Georgia

--Savannah (Lamar)

Illinois

--Aurora (Bartlett)

--Beardstown (Shaw)

--Carrollton (Woodson)

--Chicago (Duffield; Moran; Rothe)

--Decatur (Ewing; Oglesby)

--Evanston (Forrester)

--Genesee (Cullom)

--Jerseyville (Hamilton)

--Jonesboro (Crawford; Dougherty; Hecker)

--Lena (Shuman)

--McLeansboro (Walker)

--Magnolia (Beck; McNulta)

--Meacham (Nunn)

--Morgan Park (Bristol)

--Morris (Armstrong)

--Pekin (Coohrs)

--Peoria (Ingersoll)

--Pittsfield (Grimshaw)

--Quincy (Tillson)

--Wilmette (Dale)

Indiana

--Albion (Prentiss)

--Indianapolis (Elliott)

--Lafayette (Wilstach)

--Logansport (Biddle; Wright)

--Posey County (Hovey)

Iowa

--Davenport (Dillon)

--Des Moines (Nourse)

--Nevada (Scott)

--Parkersburg (Shuler)

Kansas

--Burlington (Kelley)

--Leavenworth (Gilpatrick; Goddard; Miles)

--Lincoln (Brown; Hodge; Smith; Vernon)

--Topeka (Clark; Giles; Waters)

Kentucky

--Bath County (Young)

--Covington (Arthur)

--West Liberty (Hazelrigg)

Louisiana

--New Orleans (Thompson)

Maine

--Damariscotta (Hall)

--Portland (Talbot)

Maryland

--Baltimore (Grammar; Latrobe; Marine; Phelps; Scharf; Sellman)

--Cumberland (Hoffman)

--Elkridge Landing (Silverwood)

--Mattawoman (Browne)

Massachusetts

--Acton (Wood)

--Amherst (Dickinson)

--Belchertown (Root)

--Billerica (Nason)

--Bingham (Adams)

--Bolton (Edes)

--Boston (Blakeslee; Cobb; Winthrop)

--Bradford (Chadwick)

--Braintree (Hobart)

--Brookline (Atkinson; Phillips)

--Canton (Endicott)

--Charlton (Haven)

--Chester (DeWolf; Hamlin)

--Conway (Rice)

--Easthampton (Lyman)

--Essex (Mears)

--Feeding Hills (Flower)

--Grafton (Howe)

--Great Barrington (Penniman)

--Greenfield (Lyons; Washburn)

--Groton (Green)

--Haverhill (Crowell)

--Holliston (Dowse)

--Holyoke (Slack)

--Hudson (Hudson)

--Lancaster (Washburn)

--Lee (Barker)

--Leicester (Russell)

--Lenox (Goodman; Rockwell)

--Lockport (Ely)

--Melrose (Goss)

--New Bedford (Crapo)

--Newton (Park)

--Northampton (Bridgman; Hale)

--Palmer (Fullerton)

--Quincy (Quincy)

--Somerville (Furber)

--South Deerfield (Brooks)

--Springfield (Chaffee; High; Hubbard)

--Stoughton (Boardman)

--Sunderland (Arms; Smith)

--Taunton (Adams)

--Templeton (Stone)

--Waltham (Rutter)

--Watertown (Ingraham; Lovering)

--Wellfleet (Holbrook)

--Weston (Fiske)

--Worcester (Thomas)

Michigan

--Adrian (Millard)

--Blair (Barnes; Dresser)

--Charlevoix (Green; Tilden)

--Detroit (Aikman; Lewis; Romeyn)

--Niles (Jerome)

Minnesota

--St. Paul (Castle; Davis; Pillsbury)

Mississippi

--Hancock County (Claiborne)

--Jackson (Benson; Doherty)

--Natchez (James; Shields)

Missouri

--Breckinridge (Clemens)

--Carthage (Burton; Hazeltine)

--Concord (Long)

--Liberty (Emerson; Rucker)

--Rolla (Alexander; Headlee; Lane; McGindley)

--St. Louis (Hecker; Holland; Schurz)

--St. Charles (Alexander; Edwards; Orrick)

--Springfield (Crawford; Ellis)

--Warsaw (Lay)

Montana

--Helena (Hedges; Woolfolk)

Nebraska

--Kearney (Hemiup)

--Nebraska City (Morton; Tomlin)

--Niobrara (Draper)

--Omaha (Chase; Estabrook; Galagher)

--Sutton (Clark)

--West Point (Sweet)

--Wilbur (Griggs)

Nevada

--Carson City (Whitman)

--Eureka (Lansing)

--Gold Hill (Delong)

--Nebraska City (Big Soldier, Jr.; Tomlin)

New Hampshire

--Bedford (Tysen)

--Boscawen (Coffin)

--Concord (Keyes)

--Dover (Quint)

--Keene (White)

--Littleton (Bingham)

--Manchester (Cheney; Clark; Kidder; Sanborn; Smith)

--Marborough (McCollester)

--Mont Vernon (Dean; Woodwell)

--Portsmouth (Patterson)

New Jersey

--Baskingridge (Pennington)

--Hamilton Square (Case; Robbins; West)

--Hoboken (Russell)

--Jamesburg (Everitt; Hill)

--Jersey City (Winfield)

--Lafayette (Cleef; Duryee)

--Montclair (Harris)

--Morristown (Tuttle)

--Newark (Parker)

--Orange (Hickok)

--Perth Amboy (Kearny; Patterson)

--Rahway (Rollinson)

--Somerville (Dilts)

--Springfield (Teller)

--Trenton (Creveling; Cumming; Green)

New Mexico

--Santa Fe (Arny)

New York

--Amityville (Elkins)

--Auburn (Hall; Myers)

--Binghamton (Burr; Gulliver)

--Bridge-Hampton (Hedges)

--Buffalo (Chester; Clinton)

--Canandaigua (Granger)

--Cape Vincent (Pratt)

--Carthage (Turner)

--Cohoes (Wager)

--Flushing (Covert)

--Fort Greene (Catlin; Schroeder)

--Fort Washington (Birkins; Brahn; Brobson; Ecclesine; Frothingham; Perkins; Soulard)

--Greenport (Case)

--Greenwich (Boies)

--Hudson (Edson; Hogeboom)

--Huntington (Platt)

--Jamaica (Armstrong)

--Kingston (Lounsbery)

--Lake Luzerne (Butler)

--Marcellus (Parsons)

--New Rochelle (Potter)

--New York (Abbott; Alvord; Cochrane; Crosby; Dix; Duganne; Fagan; Gildersleve; Hamilton ; Heidenfeld; James; Leavitt; McNeil; O'Gorman; Schuyler; Seaver; Storrs; Tremaine; Wood)

--Northfield (Curtis)

--Oyster Bay (Burtis; Townsend; Young)

--Palmyra (Bacon)

--Peekskill (Beecher; Buck)

--Plattsburgh (Weed)

--Pompey (Petrie)

--Poughkeepsie (Carpenter)

--Palmyra (Bacon; Eaton)

--Randall's Island (Halstead; Jones; Ketchum; Mandeville; Shafer)

--Rome (Seymour)

--Sag Harbor (Gardiner)

--Saratoga Springs (Sylvester)

--Sayville (Roosevelt)

--Schaghticoke (Knickerbacker)

--Schenectady (Sanders)

--Schuylerville (Bullard)

--Sinclairville (Edson)

--Sing Sing (Depew)

--Skaneateles (Barrow)

--Southampton (Herrick; Pelletreau; Whitteker)

--Southold (Beach)

--Springwater (White)

--Syracuse (Alvord)

--Tarrytown (Todd)

--Trenton (Seymour)

--Turner's Station (Willis)

--Washington Heights (Birkins)

--Westfield (Smith)

--Yorkville (Buck; Bullard; Cowley)

North Carolina

--Moore's Creek (Cantwell)

--Raleigh (Battle)

Ohio

--Avondale (Williams)

--Cincinnati (Johnston; Ward)

--Cleveland (Griswold; Rice)

--Columbus (Converse; Noble)

--Cuyahoga Falls (Fairchild)

--Dayton (Lowe)

--Elyria (Boynton)

--Lancaster (Wright)

--Licking County (Smucker)

--Marietta (Andrews)

--New Lexington (Free and Free; Hale)

--Ravenna (Bierce; Horton)

--Shawnee (Woodward)

--Somerset (Colborn; Finck)

--Washington County (Andrews)

--Xenia (Mills)

Oregon

--Aumsville (Brooks, Hall)

--Dallas (Butler; Boise; Campbell)

--Eugene (Burnett; Risdon)

--Gaston (Gaston)

--Hillsboro (Gibbs)

--Jacksonville (Merritt)

--Salem (Wells)

--Sam's Valley (Stanley)

--Scottsburg (Hermann)

--Union (McComas; Sterns)

--Yamhill (Stearns)

Pennsylvania

--Bethlehem (Leavitt; Reichel)

--Chambersburg (M'Cauley)

--Chester (Coates)

--Doylestown (Chapman; Lear)

--McCoytown (Milliken)

--Montrose (Grow; Jessup; Lyons; Parke; Turrell)

--New Holland (Martin)

--Philadelphia (Anthony; Armitage; Byrne; Campbell; Carroll; Clarke; Evarts; Ferry; Foggo; Fowler; Hawley; Hubbard; Kellner; Keyser; O'Hara; Stanton; Ziegler)

--Pittsburgh (Brunot; Kirkpatrick)

--Tionesta (Irwin)

--Venango County (Easton)

Rhode Island

--Bristol (Perry)

--East Providence (Bliss)

--Newport (Sheffield)

--Pawtucket (Goodrich)

--Providence (Arnold; Taylor)

--Richmond (Irish)

--Scituate (Beaman; Phenix)

--Warren (Vanzant)

South Carolina

--Cottage Grange (Adams)

--Wickford (Baker)

Tennessee

--Dresden (Bolling; Gardner)

--Jackson (Bullock; Campbell)

--Livingston (Goodpasture)

--Memphis (Avery)

--Nashville (Ramsey)

Texas

--Brenham (Crane)

--Galveston (Flournoy)

Vermont

--Alburgh Springs (Ladd)

--Brandon (Field)

--Burlington (Chittenden; Roberts)

--Rutland (Bryant)

--Windsor (Cutting)

--Woodstock (Marsh)

Virginia

--Berkley (Watts)

--Occupacia (Garnett)

--Portsmouth (Langston)

--Springfield (Cook)

West Virginia

--Berkeley Springs (Strother; Strother)

--Jane Lew (Arnold)

--Kingwood (Brown)

--Parkersburg (Hutchinson; Jacob)

--Wheeling (Jacob)

Wisconsin

--Beloit (White)

--Green Bay (Krautbauer)

--Janesville (Chapin; Rockwood; Williams)

--La Crosse (Collyer)

--Madison (Carpenter)

--Racine (Baily; Dyer)

--Stevens Point (Ellis)

International

China

--Canton (Nye)

Germany

--Stuttgart (Rantoul)

This page last updated February 24, 2009.

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