Welcome to the “Information Technology Landscape of Mongolia" web site created as part of the second year MBA course "Impacts of National Information Technology Environments on Business" of the Management of Global Information Technology (MOGIT) program at American University, in Washington D.C.
The goal of this site is to provide the visitor a clear picture of Information Technology in Mongolia and the impact it has on the country’s business. To accomplish this, detailed information on each topic located on the navigation bar on your left is provided.
The Information Technology (IT) environment in Mongolia is very much a work-in-progress. Until the mid-1990s, the telecommunications infrastructure, which is currently one of the most important tools for IT and information access in a country, was a poorly maintained system with poor access in urban areas and nearly nonexistent access in rural areas. The privatization of the state-owned system and subsequent liberalization of the telecommunications market has led to radical shifts in the Mongolian IT environment. Privatization and liberalization are discussed as a specific section of this report, but readers will also note repeated references to them throughout the report. In addition to enacting privatization legislation, the Mongolian government has been active in passing other laws to ensure data privacy, electronic commerce safety and ease, and encouragement of IT use to promote and improve the industry.
Mongolia has limited business applications of IT, including hardware and software manufacturing and electronic commerce. Hardware manufacturing shows little hope of rapid growth in the near future, but the software manufacturers have found niche markets for customized software, and electronic commerce is projected to grow rapidly in Mongolia, as in many other developing nations. Minimal information was available with respect to the IT-readiness of Mongolia's workforce, but promising trends are apparent in literacy and education.
Country Background Information24
Population (2002): 2.7 million
Location: Northern Asia, between China and Russia
Geographic coordinates: 46 00 N, 105 00 E
Area: total: 1.565 million sq km land: 1.565 million sq km water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Alaska
Land boundaries: total: 8,114 km border countries: China 4,673 km, Russia 3,441 km
Climate: desert; continental (large daily and seasonal temperature ranges)
Terrain: vast semidesert and desert plains, mountains in west and southwest, Gobi Desert in southeast
Natural resources: oil, coal, copper, molybdenum, tungsten, phosphates, tin, nickel, zinc, wolfram, fluorspar, gold
Land use: arable land: 1% permanent crops: 80% forests and woodland: 9% other: 10% (1993)
Natural hazards: dust storms can occur in the spring, grassland fires
Environment: Limited natural fresh water resources; policies of the former communist regime promoting rapid urbanization and industrial growth have raised concerns about their negative effects on the environment; the burning of soft coal in power plants and the lack of enforcement of environmental laws have severely polluted the air in Ulaanbaatar; deforestation, overgrazing, the converting of virgin land to agricultural production have increased soil erosion from wind and rain; desertification and mining activities have also had a deleterious effect on the environment
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