A General Introduction:
From a historical perspective, Bahrain about 5,000 years ago became a commercial trading center. Long under the influence of more powerful neighbors, the al-Khalifa family, originating from the central Arabian Peninsula, established themselves as Bahrainís rulers in 1783 and has ruled ever since. A series of treaties in the 19th century gave Britain control over Bahrainís defense and foreign affairs. In the 1930s Bahrain became the first Arab state in the Arabian Gulf region to develop an oil-based economy, but its modest petroleum reserves have caused it to diversify into various manufacturing and service areas.
Land & Resources
The total land area of the Kingdom of Bahrain is 707 sq km (273 sq mi). The main island of Bahrain is by far the largest, with an area of 562 sq km (217 sq mi). The country lacks dramatic topographical features, such as mountains or valleys. The main island consists of a low desert plain that rises to a low central escarpment where Bahrainís highest point, Jabal al Dukhan (134 m/440 ft), is located. The smaller islands, which include Al Muharraq, Sitrah, Jiddah, and the Dawar Islands, are generally low-lying, some only a few feet above sea level. Parts of Manama are being expanded through land reclamation. Bahrain lacks rivers, lakes, and other permanent bodies of water.
Petroleum and natural gas constitute Bahrainís principal natural resources. However, the countryís reserves of petroleum and natural gas are far smaller than those of its neighbors. Only about 4 percent of the land is suitable for farming. Bahrainís surrounding waters contain considerable numbers of fish and shellfish.
IT in Brief:
Bahrain should be categorized as a country that is on the path of development and the country has a lot of potential towards the field of IT. The IT focus in the country could largely be attributed to the government that has a lot of interest in its development. The government has introduced a number of reforms such as easy set up of an IT firm, easy access to loans and other financing options as well as a fast developing IT infrastructure. Within a very short span of time, Bahrain has proved to be the IT centre in the Middle East region, second to the United Arab Emirates.
But since the IT sector and the entire Computer industry in Bahrain is on the front of development, there is still a lot of room for major outside computer giants to enter the lucrative market and really take advantage of the boom. Most of the IT firms in Bahrain are local based and the large chunk of their IT labor comes from Asian nations and Europe. Besides the physical development of IT infrastructure, the local Bahraini companies are also rapidly spreading their name in the cyber world, giving Bahrain a place in Cyber space that it deserves.
This site was developed for
Impacts of National Information Technology Environments on Business
Kogod School of Business
American University, Washington, DC.