Inventory of Conflict and Environment


May 2007
Climate Change and Conflict in the 21st Century (200-218)

December 2006 Comparing Past and Present (192-199)

July 2006
Cross-Listing TED Cases (187-198)

May 2006
Separatism and the Environment (168-186)

December 2005
Nature, People and Land (159-167)

August 2005
The Impacts and Role of Nature (147-158)

July 2005
Cross-Listing TED Cases (132-146)

December 2004 Resources Worth Fighting For (118-131)

December 2003
Ancient Conflict Environment (107-117)

June, 2002
Cross-Listing TED Cases

May 2002
Conflict Impact on Environment (91-95)

December 2001
Eclectic Cases, Old and New (87-90)

May 2001
Real Stuff: Energy and Minerals (81-86)

December 2000
Blood Diamonds and Regional Conflict (79-80)

May 1998
How Environment Impacts Security (65-78)

December 1997
Types of Resource Conflicts (36-64)

August 1997
Types of Livehlihood Conflicts (1-35)

    ICE Cases, August 1997

  1. NILE Nile and Conflict , by Michele Ameri
  2. ERITREA Eritrea and Ethiopian Civil War , by Tracy L. Cousin
  3. SUDAN Civil War in the Sudan: Resources or Religion? , by D. Michelle Domke
  4. MURUROA French Nuclear Tests in South Pacific , by Tish Falco
  5. PERECWAR Peru Ecuador Border Dispute , by Jeffrey Franco
  6. JORDAN Jordan River Dispute, by Lilach Grunfeld
  7. CODWAR Cod Dispute Between Iceland and the United Kingdom, by David Kassebaum
  8. KURILE Kurile Islands Dispute
  9. KUWAIT Environmental and Economic Repercussions of the Persian Gulf War on Kuwait, by Melissa Krupa
  10. NAGORNO Nagorno War and Armenian Deforestation
  11. KALIMAN Ethnic Conflict and Deforestation in Kalimantan, Indonesia , by Dianne Linder
  12. BELIZE Belize Logging Conflict, by Juliet Litterer
  13. CHIAPAS Chiapas Civil War and Environment, by Amanda Marx
  14. LITANI Litani River and Israel-Lebanon, by Angela Joy Moss
  15. PETEN Guatemala-Maya Civil War and Deforestation, by Barbara Pando
  16. FALK The Falklands/Malvinas Conflict and Oil, by Sebastian Pawlowski
  17. IRNUKE Russian Sale of Nuclear Weapons to Iran, by Tracey Pratt (May 5, 1997)
  18. AOZOU The Aozou Strip, Uranium and Libya-Chad Conflict, by Michael E. Pukrop (Spring, 1997)
  19. JOHNS Johnston Atoll Chemical Waste, (May, 1997)
  20. ASSYRIA Nebuchadnezzer's Defense of Babylon, by David Kassebaum
  21. SPRATLY Spratly Islands Dispute and Oil, by Jay Krasnow (May, 1997)
  22. ELSALV El Salvador Civil War, by Stephanie Weinberg, (May, 1997)
  23. RWANDA Rwanda and Conflict, by Tara Mitchell (Spring 1997)
  24. SAHARA Sahara Dispute and Environment, by Shari Berke (Summer 1997)
  25. DANUBE Danube River Dispute, with materials from Jerry Fortunato, Kevin Kurland, Leslie Barcus, and Tara Mitchell (Spring, 1997)
  26. TUPAC Tupac Amaru, Deforestation and Peru, Julissa Castellanos (January, 1998)
  27. NIGER Fulani and Zarma tribes pushed into fights by Desertification?: Desertification in Niger, by Andrew H. Furber (June, 1997)
  28. DIAOYU Diaoyutai Islands Dispute, by Cheng-China Huang (June, 1997)
  29. SUBIC Toxic Waste in the U.S. Base in Subic, by Misa Kemmiya (Summer, 1997)
  30. ANGOLA Angola Diamond Mining and War, by Lloyd R. Lewis III (June 14, 1997)
  31. POACH Revisiting the Ban on African Elephant Ivory, N. Lowery (December, 1997)
  32. SOCCER Soccer War, by Danielle Morello (June, 1997)
  33. USSURI Sino-Soviet Amur Conflict, by Julianna Peresvetova (January, 1998)
  34. VIETNAM Vietnam and Herbicides, by Hang Pham (Summer 1997)
  35. ARSENAL Arsenal Base Clean-Up, Brian Shannon (Summer 1997)

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    ICE Cases, December 1997

  36. ALASKA The United States-Canada Border Dispute, by Karen E. Smith
  37. RUSSSUB Komsomolets Disaster, by Vincent Bonner
  38. WALL The Great Wall of China, by Damian Zimmerman
  39. BOERWAR Anglo-Boer: Britain's Vietnam (1899-1902), by Tracy L. Cousin
  40. AEGEAN Disputing the Continental Shelf Region in the Aegean Sea, by Chip Arvantides
  41. GRAINWAR Intellectual Property Rights & Biotechnology: Indian Seed Conflicts
  42. BRAZMIGR Brazilian Migration to Amazon and the Environment Consequences, by Elizabeth Crittenden
  43. BIAFRA The Biafra War, by Karen Ekpenyong
  44. GAZA Water and Conflict in the Gaza Strip, by Stephanie Goeller, (January, 1998)
  45. HORMUZ The Strait of Hormuz: Potential for Conflict, by Christopher Hoch, (January, 1998)
  46. KIKUYU Ethnic Cleansing and the Environment in Kenya, by Doug Jacobsen, (January, 1998)
  47. BUFFALO The Buffalo Harvest, by Dina Lehman (December 18,1997)
  48. CHACO The Chaco War, by Ryan Lindsay (January, 1998)(Award Winner)
  49. MORSPAIN Morocco, Spain and Fishing, by Jeremy Martin(January, 1998)
  50. NOVALYA Novalya Zemlya, by Carrie McVicker (January, 1998)
  51. CHILEDAM The Bio-Bio River Case, Chile, by Carl Meachum (January, 1998)
  52. DMZ Korean Demilitarized Zone as a Bioreserve, by Nichole Neufeld (January, 1998)
  53. CAUVERY Cauvery Water Dispute, by Alisa Pereria (January, 1998)
  54. HAITIDEF Deforestation in Haiti, by Kristen Picariello (December 18, 1997)
  55. GUYANA Gold and Native Rights (Venezuela), by Colleen Reed (November, 1997)
  56. LESWATER The Lesotho "Water Coup", by Alex Roney (November, 1997)
  57. BRONZE Bronze Trade in Ancient Rome, Recycling and War (Cross Link to TED case 224), by Brian K. Schwab (June 1995)
  58. KORFAMIN North Korea Famine, by Jennifer S. Wolfe (January, 1998)
  59. CEDARS Cedars of Lebanon, Babylon and Conflict, by Ben Kasoff
  60. MARSH Marsh Arabs & Iraq, by Robert Cohen (November, 1997)
  61. GUANO Guano Wars of the 1800s, by Jim Lee and Casey Quan
  62. CANFISH Canada and Spain Fish Conflict (Parallel TED Case UKCOD), by James Bensler
  63. KHMER Khmer Rouge and Wood Exports (November, 1997)
  64. OGONIOIL Ogoni and Nigeria conflict over Oil, by Jim Lee, Kerstin Moesinger and Amy Maglio

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    ICE Cases, May 1998

  65. SOMWASTE Somalia Waste Imports and Civil War (TED Cross List), by Michael Poaletta
  66. LEBWASTE Lebanon Civil War and Waste Dumping (TED Cross List), by Sawsan Al-Ali
  67. CANFISH Canada and Spain Fish Conflict (Parallel TED Cross Lists), by James Bensler
  68. JAYAMINE Irian Jaya Mine (TED Cross List), by James Lang
  69. ARALSEA Aral Sea, Environment and Security Issues (TED Cross List)
  70. COCAINE Cocaine, Environment and Conflict, (TED Cross List), by Carl Scott and Deborah M. Ullmer
  71. BLUENILE Nile River Dispute, by Heather Hamilton
  72. SERBSANC Serbia Sanctions and Economic Impact (TED Cross List), by Jeff Lynch
  73. YALU The Yalu River and its Security Implications for China, by Dong Jun Na (May, 1998)
  74. IRANIRAQ Iran-Iraq War and Waterway Claims, by Brad Martsching (May, 1998)
  75. SOMWAR Somalia: The Fallen Country, by Tracey L. Cousin
  76. WESTBANK West Bank and Water (December, 1997)
  77. TIGRIS Tigris-Euphrates River Dispute, by Tevfik Emin Kor (November, 1997)
  78. KASHMIRI Conflict and the Environment in Kashmir, by Jennifer Crook

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    ICE Cases, December 2000
  79. DIAMOND-SL Diamond Registry and Sierra Leone Civil War, by Carl von Berneuth
  80. CONGO Congo Diamonds and Domestic and International Conflict, by Nadia Martinez

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    ICE Cases, May 2001
  81. URANIUMDEPLETE Depleted Uranium in the Balkans, by Chris Danielewski
  82. LIBERIADIAMONDS Liberia, Trade, Environment and Conflict, by Benjamin Hofstatter
  83. SUDANSANCTIONS The Civil War in Sudan: The Human Price of Oil, by Sarah Sitarek
  84. HAWAIIBOMBS Kaho'olawe: Cultural and Environmental Impacts of Military Bomb Testing in in Hawai'i, by Cheryl Lewis
  85. BURMA-PIPE-CONFLICT Burma Gas Pipeline and Ethic Conflict (Cross Link to TED case), by Zaw Oo
  86. ACEH, Aceh, Oil and Conflict, by Jeremy Schanck

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    ICE Cases, December 2001
  87. AMPHETAMINE, Amphetamines Trade between Burma and Thailand, by May Aung
  88. CONGO-COLTAN, Congo War and the Role of Coltan, by Natalie Ware
  89. ICEMAN The Iceman (Cross Link to TED Case 647), by Gisella Casanovas
  90. CHINA-NUCLEAR Nuclear Energy: A US/China Trade Issue (Cross-link to TED Case 659) , by Melanie Mork

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    ICE Cases, May 2002
  91. NICARAGUA-HONDURAS Nicaragua and Honduras Territorial Dispute, by Rebecca DeMar (June 2002)
  92. URANIUM-TRAINING Uranium and US Overseas Military Training, by Jusuf Fuduli (June 2002)
  93. CHECHNYA Chechnya Conflict and Environmental Implications, by Christopher Ingold (June 2002)
  94. VINELAND Vikings and Native American Conflict in the New World, by Jim Lee (June 2002)
  95. KOREA-JAPAN-ISLANDS Korea and Japan Island Dispute, by Kunwoo Kim (June 2002)

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    TED Cross Listings, June 2002
  96. TEAK Teak Deforestation and Trade in Southeast Asia and Conflict (Cross Link to TED Case 200), by Kevin T. Kunkel and Teri Emmons (June 1995)
  97. LANDMINE Landmines, Cleanup and Trade (Cross link the TED case 295), by Sean D. Morris (June 1996)
  98. INDOBANG India-Bangladesh Dispute on the Ganges River, by xxx
  99. MEKONG Mekong Dam in Laos and Environmental Impacts (Cross link to TED case 258), by Paul F. Macek (January 1996)
  100. CANCOD Canada Cod Case (Cross link to TED case 13), by James Benseler (September 1992)
  101. PAPUA Papua New Guinea Gold Mining, Exports and Environmental Impacts (Cross Link to TED case 177), by Michael Booth and Alyssa Bleck (January 1995)
  102. TURBOT Canada and Spain Fishing Feud (Cross Link to TED Case 114), by Thomas Jandl (January 1994)
  103. ABUMUSA Abu Musa Island, Sovereignty Claims and Environmental Resources (Link to TED case 369), by W. Corbett Dabbs (January 1997)
  104. RUSSNUKE Russia Nuclear Technology Exports to India (Cross Link to TED case 342), by Mark A. Scheuer (June 1996)
  105. HAITI Haiti Sanctions and Economic Impact (Cross Link to TED case 389), by Jeff Lynch (June 1996)
  106. IRAQSANC Iraqi Sanctions and Economic Impact (Cross Link to TED case 390), by Jeff Lynch (June 1996)

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    ICE Cases, December 2003
  107. SATELLITE-DRIFTNETS Over Fishing and the Use of Satellites in Monitoring and Protecting the Fish Population, by Anthony M. Kopetchny (January 2003)
  108. SENEGAL-MAURITANIA Roots of Conflict Between Senegal and Mauritania, by Bremmer Kneib
  109. HADRIAN Hadrian's Wall, by Chris Zweifel
  110. OLIVE-TREE Uprooting Olive Trees in the West Bank, by Atyah Alwazir
  111. NEANDERTHAL Neanderthal Extinction and Climate Change, by James Lee
  112. MAYA The Decline of the Mayan Empire and Climate Change, by Matthew Markowitz
  113. ANASAZI Anasazi, Water and their Disappearance, by Matthew Markowitz
  114. ROBINHOOD Robin Hood and Conflict over Forest Resources, by James Lee
  115. LEBANON-LANDMINE Lebanon and Landmines, by Ibrahim Debbas
  116. LIBERIA-AMERICA Repatriates to Africa and Links to Current Civil Conflict, by Kimberly Jackson
  117. MINDANAO The Conflict in Mindanao, Terrorism, and Environmental Factors, by Alyson Slack

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    ICE Cases, December 2004
  118. AMUR Amur River and Russia and China Territorial Dispute (TED Cross List), by Kung Mao Ya
  119. VIEQUES Viegues, Puerto Rico, and War Testing, by David Faust
  120. DIEGO-GARCIA Diego Garcia and Human Rights in Conflict, by Joshua Harris
  121. BARENTS Barents Sea and Norway's and Russia's Claims, by Randi Laegreid
  122. TALIBAN-POPPY Taliban, Poppy Trade and Support for Conflict, by Alison Lawlor
  123. LANKA-CONFLICT, Sri Lanka Civil War Conflict and Environment, by Kurt Brockman and Ryan Walkiewicz
  124. AQUIFER, Deep Aquifers and Sovereign Claims Underground of Nations, by Benjamin Long
  125. OPIUM-BURMA, Opium Trade and Burma, by Ivan Obetsanov, Chris Rutherford, and Steve Sommer
  126. ZIMBABWE Zimbabwe Land Conflict, by Sammi Green
  127. CONGO-WOOD Congo, Charcoal and Conflict Resources, by Rensselear Resch
  128. TYROL Tyrol and Land , by Sonia Steinbrech
  129. CABINDA Cabinda Enclave in Angola, Oil and Conflict, by Alan Neff
  130. JAPAN-OIL Japan, World War II and the Need for Oil, by Yuichi Arima
  131. CONFLICT-TIMBER Conflict over Timber Resources in Indonesia, by Joshua Kleymeyer

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    TED Cross Listings, July 2005
  132. ATATURK Turkey, Ataturk Dam and Downstream Disputes, by Nathan Martz (TED Cross-list #186)
  133. BENIN Benin and Nuclear Disposal, by Senamede Beheton (TED Cross-list #192)
  134. ARCTIC Impact of USSR Nuclear Testing on Arctic Sea, by Hilde Elin Haaland, Chad Cummins and Shehu Ibrahim (TED Cross-list #204)
  135. JAPANSEA Impact of USSR Nuclear Testing on Japan Sea, by Takashi Morioka (TED Cross-list #255)
  136. KOMSO Russian Nuclear Disaster and Environment Impact, by Vincent P. Bonner (TED Cross-list #267)
  137. LUCKY US Hydrogen Bomb Tests and Fish and Human Impacts, by Atsuko Toi (TED Cross-list #310)
  138. PACIFICO Oil in Pacifico Region of Colombia and Indigenous Rights, by Lina Betancourt (TED Cross-list #494)
  139. LATVIAOIL Latvia and Russia Dispute and Oil Trade, by Anna Ferus (TED Cross-list #505)
  140. RUSSOIL Russian Oil, Indigenous People and Environment, by Sarah Shields (TED Cross-list #499)
  141. GUMARAB Guam Arab Trade and Support for Terror in Sudan, by Daniel K. Kim (TED Cross-list #507)
  142. MALACCA Malacca Straits and Environment and Conflict Aspects, by Sharina Gan Suat Ling ( (TED Cross-list #573)
  143. NATO NATO and Use of Uranium in Military Operations, by Joe Lumpkin (TED Cross-list #581)
  144. IRANPIPELINE Iran to India Pipeline, Conflict and Environment, by Shamila N. Chaudhary (TED Cross-list #611)
  145. JAMES James Bay, Electric Power and Conflict with Indigenous Groups, by Mary-Ellen Foley and Andrew Hamm (TED cross-list #91)
  146. CHOCOLATE-SLAVE Chocolate and Slavery: Child Labor in the Ivory Coast, by Samlanchith Chanthavong (TED cross-list #664)

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    ICE Cases, August 2005
  147. PLAGUE The Bubonic Plague and the Impact on Venice, by Cara Murphy
  148. ARMADA The Spanish Armada Destruction, by Cerena Mitchell
  149. POMPEII The Destruction of Pompeii and Impact on Roman Empire, by Jackie Gonzalez
  150. NOAH Noah, the Flood, and Water as a Weapon, by Leika Lewis
  151. TUAREG Tuaregs and Civil Conflict in West Africa, by Ann Hershkowitz
  152. KIRKUK Ethnic Conflict and Oil in Iraq, by Raul Burgos
  153. NARMADA The Narmada Dam and Ethnic Conflict in India, by Talib Ellison
  154. ZULU The Zulu and British Wars, by Melissa Barkalow
  155. YANOMAMI The Yanomami in Brazil's Amazon and Conflict, by Stephanie Bier
  156. URRA Urra Dam in Colombia, by Regina Kreger
  157. CHIAPAS-BIOPIRACY The Chiapas Conflict and Bio-Piracy, by Andrew Willis
  158. SAAR German and French Conflict over Alsace, by Sam Henze

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    ICE Cases, December 2005
  159. ORCHID-WASTE Nuclear Waste Dumping On Orchid Island in Taiwan, by Hui-Yun Chung
  160. KATRINA Hurricane Katrina and Violence, by Jessica Hulse
  161. INDIA-CHINA India and China Border Dispute , by Yuki Kawaguchi
  162. PARANA Land Conflict Use in the Parana Area of Brazil, by Laura Molinari
  163. NIGERIA-CAMEROON Nigeria and Cameroon Kasi Region Border Dispute, by Felicia Price
  164. PYGMY Pygmies in the Congo Basin and Conflict, by Raja Seshadri
  165. TSUNAMI-ACEH The Impact of the Asian Tsunami on the Conflict in Aceh in Indonesia, by Svetlana Sinitchkina
  166. BOLIVIA-GAS The Role of Gas in Bolivian Civil Unrest, by Jason Wilcox
  167. GOBI The Southward Spread of the Gobi Desert and Civil Unrest in China, by Li Zeng

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    ICE Cases, May 2006
  168. BAGLIHAR Baglihar Dam, by Usman Ahmad
  169. PANAMA-CANAL The Panama Canal and the U.S. Columbia War, by Benjamin Bodnar
  170. SARAYACU Not In My Backyard! The Sarayaku's Fight Against Oil Development in the Ecuadorian Amazon , by Karyn Butcher
  171. MOHENJO , Mohenjo-Daro, Aryan Invasions and Shifting Environments, by Jim Lee
  172. BOLIVIA-CHILE Conflict in the Atacama, by Jacqueline Carpenter
  173. ITURI Gold and Ethnic Conflict in the Ituri Region of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, by Kristin Drake
  174. AZTEC Cortés and Aztec Gold: Initial Conflict and Modern Political Ecology, by Stuart Matthews
  175. TIBET Environmental Degradation in the Tibetan Autonomous Region, by Patrick T. Hughes
  176. KOREA-DAM North Korean Dam and Security Aspects, by Sgt. Sungwoon Kang
  177. GUATEMALA-BELIZE The UK Dispute with Guatemala over Belize, by Jennifer Meyer
  178. KHUZHESTAN Khuzestan: Oil, Ethnicity, and Conflict in Iran, by Gregory Noll
  179. ARMENIA-FOREST Armenian Independence and Deforestation, by Diana Piloyan Boudjikanian
  180. OSSETIA South Ossetian Separatism in Georgia, by Rebecca Ratliff
  181. DIVINE-WIND The Mongol Invasion of Japan: The "Divine Wind" Case , by Debbie Royal
  182. MOLDOVA Transnistria-Moldova Conflict, by Olga Savceac
  183. XINJIANG Ethnic Conflict and Natural Resources: Xinjiang, China , by ICE Research Team
  184. TSUNAMI-THAILAND The Impact of the Asian Tsunami on Southern Thailand Religious Strife ,by Erin Teeling
  185. NORTHWEST-PASSAGE Canadian Sovereignty at the Northwest Passage , by Alicia Zorzetto
  186. CHOSIN Chinese Winter Offensive in Korean War: The Debacle of American strategy , by Kanoko Tokuno

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    TED Cross Listings 2006
  187. AZERI, Azerbaijan and Oil, by Michael Goulet (TED case #156 cross list)
  188. KAZAKH, Kazakstan and Oil, by Vincent Bonner (TED case #256 cross list)
  189. CASPOIL, Caspian Sea and Disputes over Sovereignty, by Kathy Lalazarian (TED case #404 cross list)
  190. MONO, The Los Angeles Aqueduct and the Owens and Mono Lakes, by Kevin Neal (TED case #379 cross list)
  191. PENAN, The Penan of the Borneo Rain Forest, by Karine Roche (TED case #583 cross list)

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    ICE Cases, December 2006
  192. TASMANIA, Tasmania and the European Invasion, by Rehan Ali
  193. NIGER-LOCUST, Plagues in Niger, by Christina Kaiser
  194. FRENCH-INDIAN, The French and Indian War and Resources, by Katelyn C. Keegan
  195. NICARAGUA, Environmental Effects of Nicaraguan Armed Conflicts, by Ellie Klerlein
  196. DARFUR, The Darfur Conflict and Drought, by Kathryn Milani
  197. SAUDI-YEMEN, Saudi Arabia and Yemen Border Dispute, by Chris Murphy
  198. DARIEN, The Spillover Effect of the Colombian Conflict: Ecological Damage in the Darién Gap, by Sara Trab Nielsen
  199. ERITREA-ETHIOPIA, Eritrea and Ethiopia Continual Conflict, by Jon Stephenson

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    ICE Cases, May 2007
  200. KURD-WATER, Turkey, Dams, Kurds and Conflict Within and Between Countries, by Navid Ahdieh
  201. SOMALIA-COAL, Somalia Coal Production, Deforestation and the Recent Conflict, by Zachary Baxter
  202. MADAGASCAR, Madagascar Deforestion versus Agriculture Conflict, by Christopher Britton
  203. NILE-2020, Future Demands on Nile River Water and Egyptian National Security, by Hans Catchcart
  204. CHILE-ARGENTINA, Chile and Argentina Border Dispute in a Changing Climate, by Jennay Ghowrwal
  205. BRAHMAPUTRA, India and China Dispute on Brahmaputra River Waters, by Ryan Hodum
  206. MALDIVES, Maldives and Sea Level Rise, by Justin Hoffmann
  207. ANKORWAT, Ankor Wat and Climate Change, by Udom Hong
  208. KASHMIR-GLACIER, Kashmir, Glaciers and Warming, by Samantha Hulkower
  209. HAITI-HURRICANE, Climate Change, Extreme Events, and Haiti, by Sterling Johnson
  210. TUVALU, Tuvalu and Rising Sea Levels, by Jasmine Jones
  211. CLOUD, Chinese Cloud Seeding (Not Available), by Spencer Lewis
  212. DUTCH-SEA, Netherlands Attempts to Defeat Rising Seas, by Vanessa McKinney
  213. SINGAPORE, Singapore's Dependence on Malaysia for Water, by Stephen Morris
  214. BERBER, Berber and Arab Historical Conflict, by Jon Phillips
  215. ANTARCTICA, Antarctica, Ownership, and Climate Change, by Jason Rancatuore
  216. LEBANON-WAR, Impact of Hezbollah and Israel War on Environment, by Andriy Shevstov
  217. CANADA-EEZ, Expansion of Canada's EEZ, by Alicia Marrs
  218. MEKONG-CHINA, The Drying of the Mekong River, by Nargiza Salidjanova